Senna leaf: 4 super powerful benefits and side effects

Senna leaf 4 super powerful benefits and side effects

One of the main benefits of senna leaf is its laxative properties. However, it is important not to exceed the proper dosage to avoid side effects.

Senna leaves comes from a species of shrub also known as cadecillo or frijolillo , family Fabaceae. It is known in popular culture for its properties and the benefits it provides to treat constipation and some stomach upset.

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6 natural home remedies for Toothache & 7 common causes

natural home remedies for Toothache

Toothache is an unpleasant matter. Usually the pain comes in a completely inappropriate moment. However, if an appointment with the dentist is not possible immediately, there are some homeremedies for toothache that can alleviate the discomfort. Find out here what are the main causes and which best homeremedies for toothache help against the pain.

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Shingles and Pregnancy : causes, symptom, treatment

Shingles and Pregnancy

Shingles is a painful rash, usually on one side of the body, caused by the herpes zoster virus, or varicella zoster virus (VVZ). This virus triggers chickenpox in children, but it can reactivate in adults and cause shingles. What are the symptoms and treatments?

The vast majority (95%) of the adult population has already been infected with VVZ, which is responsible for various diseases.

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How to put my business on google map, key to success

How to put my business on google map,

Would you like to report your business on Google Maps but are you afraid that this will cost a lot of time and money? Nothing could be more wrong. To insert your shop, your hotel or your office on Google maps, all you have to do is fill in a form and have a little skill in promoting your presence on the service. How? Well, read this guide on how to put my business on google map and you will find out. I assure you, the procedure is much simpler and faster than you imagine.

How do you say? You don’t have a business but would like to understand how to appear on Google Maps in the sense that you would like to take advantage of the function attached to the service to report your position on the map to all your friends? No problem, I can explain this to you too. Even in this case, it is a procedure at everyone’s door and it takes only a few minutes to complete.

In short, whatever your needs are and regardless of whether you want to act as a computer or mobile, with this article of mine today you will find bread for your teeth. Having said that, I can not help but suggest you take a few minutes of free time all for yourself, make yourself comfortable and immediately begin to focus on reading the instructions that you find below. I am sure that in the end you will be able to say that you are happy and satisfied with what you have learned and that, even if necessary, you will be ready to provide all the explanations of the case to your friends who want to “follow your steps”. Let it bet?

Note: Regardless of whether you want to appear on Google Maps to report your business or to indicate your location to friends, you need a Google Account. 

How to put my business on google map

From computer : How to put my business on google map

How to put my business on google map
How to put my business on google map

If you are interested in understanding how to appear on Google Maps in the sense that you are interested in signaling the presence of your business on the map, the first step you need to take is to connect to the main page of the service , click on the button with the three lines that is placed at the top left and choose the item Add a missing place from the m this point, if you have already logged in to your Google account, go directly to reading the next paragraph, otherwise click on the Enter button in the box displayed on the screen and log in by typing your e-mail address and password in the fields displayed.How to put my business on google map,

Then fill in the form shown at the top left providing all the information you are asked for. Enter symbol to name the place name and symbol to address  the reference address. In correspondence with the category item,  instead select the category to which your business belongs, while next to the phone and website items it  indicates, respectively, the address of the reference Internet site and the telephone number. Then click on Add times to indicate the times when the business in question is active and to end presses the Send button  .

Once this is done, the data you provide will be sent to Google and in a short time you should be able to appear on Google Maps. However, when your business is made visible on Maps you will receive a confirmation email from Google.

If you want to speed up the process and facilitate the indexing of your business by big G, I recommend that you report your contact details on as many external sites as possible. The higher the number of sites on which your store / office data will appear (address, telephone and online contact details), the higher the chances of this being highlighted on Google Maps. But please, always use the same data, otherwise the “trick” will not work!

Has anyone reported your business on Google Maps without your permission and want to claim it? In this case, locate the exact point on the map where your business is located and click on the relevant indicator, then choose the Resale this activity item  from the tab that is shown on the left and follow the simple procedure that is shown on the screen. If, on the other hand, you wish to make changes to the form relating to your business on the map, click on the item Suggest a change , fill in the form with the info you intend to edit and then confirm that you want to send everything to Google.

From smartphones and tablets :How to put my business on google map

How to put my business on google map
How to put my business on google map

You can also report your business on the map by acting on your smartphone or tablet, by downloading the Google Maps app  available for Android and iOS . Once the application has been downloaded and complete installation, start Google Maps by tapping on its icon which has been added to the screen of the device in which all the apps are grouped and then log in with your account (if you have not yet done so) to do so) and find the point on the map where you intend to report the presence of your business.

Once this is done, press the button with the three lines located in the upper left part of the screen, choose the item Add a missing place from the menu that is shown to you and fill out the form on the screen with all the required information. Enter symbol to name the place name and symbol to address  the reference address. Using the Category item,  instead, select the category to which your business belongs, while next to the Telephone and Website entries   , enter the address of the reference website and the telephone number respectively. Then click on Add timesto select the times when the activity in question is “functional” and to end the stage on the Send item   located at the top right.

As for the timing of putting online, they are practically the same that I indicated in the previous lines, when I explained to you how to appear on Google Maps acting as a computer. The same goes for the “trick” to speed up the publication procedure.

If, on the other hand, you want to claim your activity reported by someone else, locate the latter on the map, stop on the relative indicator , carry out a stipe from the bottom up to display the relevant file and then stop on Claim this activity after which follow the procedure that it is shown to you. To make changes, however, stop on Suggest change .

How to put my business on google map to friends

How to put my business on google map : From smartphones and tablets

How to put my business on google map
How to put my business on google map

If, on the other hand, you are interested in understanding how to appear on Google Maps in the sense that you want to find out how to report your position on the map to your friends and how to find out where they are in turn, you can rely on the appropriate function for sharing the location attached service. Obviously, in order to take advantage of the aforementioned functionality, it is essential that even the users with whom you intend to share the position have a Google account and have downloaded and installed the official app of the service on your smartphone or tablet.

If you want to take advantage of this function, start Google Maps on your smartphone, press the button with the three lines  located at the top left and select the item Share location (on Android) or Friends (on iOS) from the bar that appears on the side. Then press the Start button and choose whether to share your location for 1 hour or until it is deactivated (therefore forever). Finally, choose the Select people item and indicate the friends to allow you to track your position.

Once this is done, the friends with whom you have chosen to share your position on the map will receive an alert on their mobile phone (as well as an informative e-mail message) that will notify them of the thing and invite them to enable sharing of the position. If they decline, you will see a warning appear indicating that those given people do not intend to share their location with you.

As for the friends who have accepted to be “localized”, you can eventually know the path to be taken in order to reach them by tapping on their photo at the top of the Friends screen , pressing on the name of the place where they are located and starting reception of the driving directions by tapping on the Start item below.

Keep in mind that to be able to appear on Google Maps as I have just indicated, it is essential that the location is enabled and is kept constantly active on the smartphone or tablet you are using. How you do it? Easy, just follow the directions you find below.

  • On Android: you can enable location simply by going to call up the menu of notifications by swiping from top to bottom on the display and then tapping on the Position button so as to bring it to ON . For more information see my guide on how to locate Android .
  • On iOS: just tap on the Settings icon on the home screen, then on  Privacy and then on Localization after which you must locate the Google Maps item from the displayed list, press on it and choose the Always option from the new screen that will go to open. For more details read my article on  how to activate iPhone localization (it is also valid for iPad).

From computer : How to put my business on google map

How to put my business on google map
How to put my business on google map

Unfortunately, it is still not possible to start the procedure for sharing the position on the map from a computer, but if you have enabled the function from your mobile phone or tablet, you can still manage and view your contacts on Google Maps also from a browser. To do this, go to the main page of Maps, click on the button with the three lines located at the top left and choose the item Location sharing from the menu that is shown to you.

At this point, if one or more friends have chosen to withdraw their position visible on the map you can view them in the upper part of the menu that has opened and clicking on their photos you can see directly on Google Maps where they are. If, on the other hand, no friend has chosen to share his position with you, you will be shown a special notice.

By clicking instead on the word Manage your location always attached to the menu, you can consult the list of friends for whom you have chosen to appear on Google Maps and you can possibly disable the geolocation function by simply clicking on the x located next to their names.

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Seaweeds are important source of 4 Surprising element

Seaweeds are important source of

Seaweeds are important source of 4 Surprising element

It is in Asia that seaweed has been used since time immemorial; first for therapeutic purposes then food and finally gastronomic. If, in the West, it is conventionally consumed only in sushi, this trend should evolve in the coming years because algae are kinds of aquatic vegetables with names that are quite suggestive: sea lettuce, beans or sea spaghetti … Which are cooked and whose recipes are multiplying to adapt to our palates.

What do Seaweeds contain ?

Seaweeds are important source of Fiber

Algae contain interesting amounts of fiber, especially in soluble form. Depending on the variety, a serving of fresh seaweed can contain up to 8% of the amount of fiber recommended daily. Dried algae, on the other hand, are said to contain 35% to 50% of their weight in the form of fibers. In general, a diet rich in dietary fiber can help prevent cardiovascular disease, as well as control type 2 diabetes and appetite. The fibers in algae may be more effective at lowering blood cholesterol and hypertension than those from other sources.

Seaweeds are important source of
pic courtesy by Pixabay

Seaweeds are important source of Omega-3

Seaweeds are important source of we know well today the virtues of omega-3 on depression and cardiovascular disease.

Seaweeds are important source ofAntioxidants

Several extracts of brown, red and green algae cultivated in Europe or Asia have demonstrated antioxidant activity, but these effects would vary depending on several factors, such as the depth in which they grow and their degree of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Algae contain various antioxidant compounds including carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin), flavonoids (catechins), phenolic acids (tannins) as well as certain vitamins (mainly vitamins C and E).

Seaweeds are important source of Vitamin K, iodine

Algae contain large amounts of vitamin K, which is necessary, among other things, for blood clotting. Also, sufferers should avoid consuming too much. No sushi meal for them.
On the other hand, algae is useful in the event of hypothyroidism. (A bit as if our engine was running under regime). So that this sub-diet is the cause of fatigue, weak nails, hoarse voice, chilliness, weight gain, shortness of breath, irritability, cramps, puffy eyes, dull hair. Seaweed consumed regularly is an alternative to medication. But not too much is needed! Like salt, excess harms. (Do not forget to consult your doctor for advice). 
The hijiki contains inorganic arsenic significant rate creating gastrointestinal disorders, anemia and causing liver damage. So don’t eat it.

The benefits of seaweed

Seaweeds are important source of Carbohydrate content:

Algae contain a large amount of structural, storage, and functional polysaccharides, and the total carbohydrate content can vary from 20% to 76% of dry weight depending on the type of algae. Although the carbohydrate content in algae is considerably high, it is mainly composed of dietary fiber, which is not assimilated by the human body. The few carbohydrates present in algae that can be assimilated are in the form of glucose, mannose and galactose.

(Seaweeds are important source of) | Video uploaded by University of California Television (UCTV)

Seaweeds are important source of Protein content:

Seaweed contains all the essential amino acids present in quantities comparable to the requirements recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization. The proteins that make up seaweed are rich in glycine, arginine, alanine and glutamic acid, but often low in lysine and cystine.

In general, red algae are richer in amino acids than green or brown algae, going as far as matching the Seaweeds are important source of of animal amino acids. Regarding protein content, again, red algae are the richest, comparable in quantitative terms to legumes (30-40% dry matter). Brown and green algae contain 15% and 30% respectively.

Therefore, most edible red algae can be considered a good source of protein to include in the diet. However, aspartic and glutamic acid, which have interesting properties in flavor development, are less present in red algae than in brown algae.

Seaweeds are important source of iodine
pic courtesy by Pixabay

In addition, the Spirulina micro-algae is well known for its very high protein content, close to 70% dry matter.

Seaweeds are important source of Fat content:

Algae have a very low lipid content, ranging from 1 to 5% of dry matter. Neutral lipids and glycolipids are the main classes found in algae.

In addition, the proportion of essential fatty acids is higher in algae than in terrestrial plants. However, the fat composition can vary greatly depending on the type of algae. Also, seaweed is a good Seaweeds are important source of of Omega 3 and 6 compared to other animal and vegetable source products. In addition, the phospholipids contained in algae help to aid the absorption of omegas, which increases their efficiency in the diet.

Seaweeds are important source of Vitamin content:

Seaweed contains several vitamins at varying rates: water-soluble vitamins such as vitamins B and C, as well as lipid-soluble vitamins such as vitamins A and E.

Seaweeds are important source of
pic courtesy by Pixabay

Red and brown algae are rich in carotene (vitamin A) and vitamin C. For example, Nori contains 1.5 times more vitamin C than an orange. Seaweed is also considered a good Seaweeds are important source of of vitamin B12, which is usually very scarce in vegetables.

Seaweeds are important source of Mineral content:

Algae are very rich in minerals, which can represent up to 36% of their dry mass. The minerals that can be found in algae are macro nutrients such as sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, chlorine, sulfur, phosphorus. The micro-nutrient minerals are iodine, iron, zinc, copper, selenium, molybdenum, fluoride, manganese, boron, nickel and cobalt.

Thus, algae are a good non-animal Seaweeds are important source of of calcium which can correspond to 4 to 7% dry matter. Especially since the calcium in algae is calcium phosphate, which is more “bio-available” than calcium carbonate, the form of calcium found in milk!

Algae is a primary source of iodine, and in some algae such as brown algae, their iodine content far exceeds minimum dietary requirements. The iodine content in algae remains comparatively high compared to terrestrial plants. Since other foods from animal and plant Seaweeds are important source of have very low iodine content, seaweed can be considered the best inexpensive food to meet iodine requirements for humans.

Seaweed contains very large amounts of iron and copper compared to food Seaweeds are important source of normally known to have these minerals (red meat and spinach). In addition, a normal portion of brown algae, such as kelp (including Kombu), provides more than 50% of the dietary requirements for magnesium. So seaweed can be used as a dietary supplement to fulfill most of the human body’s mineral requirements.

Effects of algae on digestive health

As mentioned, seaweed is rich in dietary fiber. These are found in many foods such as vegetables, fruits, seeds, nuts and roots and are essential for good digestive health. Although they are not directly digestible by the digestive system, dietary fibers indirectly support digestion because they are involved in important digestive functions during their passage through the gastrointestinal system.

Compared with the fiber content of foods from land plants, algae have similar and even higher levels. On average, algae contain between 36% and 60% dry matter. Nearly 80% of these fibers are so-called soluble fibers, such as agar, alginates and carrageenans. Thus, 12 to 15% of daily fiber requirements, soluble or not, can be met by adding algae to the diet.

Reduced risk of colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is the 3 rd most common cancer in the world and is mainly present in developed countries, where the diet is often based on red or processed meat and low in fiber. However it is assumed that the latter would reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer through several protective mechanisms. For example, soluble fibers will bind with meal water and create a kind of viscous, non-digestible mass that will capture toxins and other carcinogenic materials in digested food in order to expel them from the body.

Seaweeds
pic courtesy by Pixabay

Suppression of gastrointestinal inflammation

Most fibers of the soluble type of algae allow to develop a viscous layer close to the epithelial margin of the upper digestive system, thus creating a protective coating effect against digestive enzymes and low pH environments. Thus, the chances of inflammation of the epithelial layer by chemicals or microorganisms are minimized thanks to algae.

Facilitation of the action of probiotics

Although algae are not digested by the upper digestive system of humans, they are still partially degraded by the microbial flora of the colon. The colon micro-flora is a complex mixture of microorganisms that is either potentially dangerous or beneficial. Probiotics represent potentially beneficial bacteria and prebiotics, their fermentable substrates, including dietary fiber. Thus algae provide soluble dietary fiber and thus help probiotics in their beneficial actions for the digestive system.

Also, laminarin, a dietary fiber found in particular in royal Kombu, makes it possible to increase the production of butyric acid via bacterial fermentation, a compound allowing the production of more than 70% of the energy needs of the colon. Laminarin and other algae fibers such as fucoidan therefore modulate the environment and the immunity of the digestive system, thereby reducing the risk of pathogens.

Other nutritional effects of algae

Reducing obesity by reducing the caloric value of the diet.

Dietary fiber helps control weight gain in different ways. Thus, adding good amounts of algae to the diet allows you to reach satiety more quickly and greatly reduce your appetite during subsequent meals. In addition, algae are very low in calories and, being rich in fiber, they slow down digestion and absorption of nutrients.

Reduced absorption of lipids and cardiovascular disease.

The reduction of cardiovascular diseases by algae is suggested by their modifying effects on the digestive tract, in particular by slowing the absorption of lipids. Thus, studies have shown that alginic acid can reduce the absorption of cholesterol by the digestive system. Likewise, a study has shown that porphyran, found in certain red algae, would significantly reduce hypertension and blood cholesterol in rats. Finally, studies have shown that fucoxanthin, contained among others in Wakame, would help burn fat tissue around the internal organs.

Influence on blood sugar control

The dilution and slowing down of the action of carbohydrases in the intestine by the dietary fibers of algae would have a positive impact on the regulation of the level of glucose in the blood. So algae can help control blood glucose in people with type II diabetes. In fact, only 5 g of sodium alginate (found in particular in brown algae) administered daily to patients with type II diabetes made it possible to avoid the postprandial increase in glucose and insulin and to slow down the intestinal transit. These results suggest that the fibers found in algae have an effective influence in the inhibition of digestive enzymes in starch, even at very small amounts of ingested algae.

Beauty recipe

Moisturizing mask and regenerating
• 1 tablespoon powdered seaweed (kelp, wakame, kelp, kelp …)
• ½ tablespoon of vegetable oil (argan, almond evening primrose, jojoba, olive …)
Put seaweed powder in a coffee cup then add a little spring water or floral water and stir until the consistency of a thick paste. Add the vegetable oil and stir until completely homogeneous.
Apply to the face, relax, and leave on for ¼ hour. Rinse with clear water.

Other Thing on Seaweeds are important source of

While you are cooking legumes, add seaweed. No, only your lentils, chickpeas … will be more digestible, but it will reduce their cooking time while being a flavor enhancer.

Side effects

According to the Agency, excessive and regular intake of iodine can lead to health problems , such as thyroid dysfunction and certain adverse effects on the heart or kidneys. However, certain species such as laminar brown algae ( Laminaria spp and Saccharina spp) and red algae ( Gracilaria verrucosa) have been identified as particularly rich in iodine.

Not recommended for thyroid disorder

Eating seaweed is therefore not recommended for people suffering from a thyroid disorder, heart rhythm disorder  or kidney failure. People treated with a drug containing iodine or lithium should also avoid them, just like pregnant or breastfeeding women.

Seaweeds are important source of | Video uploaded by
Foods4Health

Anticoagulants and vitamin K

Seaweed contains large amounts of vitamin K, which is necessary, among other things, for blood clotting. People taking blood thinners (eg Coumadin®, Warfilone® and Sintrom®) should eat a diet in which the vitamin K content is relatively stable from day to day. For these people, seaweed should not be eaten as a main dish (a meal of sushi, for example). People on anticoagulation therapy are advised to consult a dietitian-nutritionist or a doctor in order to know the food Seaweeds are important source of of vitamin K to ensure the most stable daily intake possible.

Not good for children

Parents must remain “cautious about the consumption of algae products from their children, as there is insufficient data to measure the risk involved,”.

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4 Symptoms of dengue in infants, dangerous if not determined

Symptoms of dengue in children

Symptoms of dengue in infants : Dengue continues to circulate among us. So, in addition to continuing the fight, we have to be aware of the possible symptoms of the disease. Children are cause for concern, because in addition to being part of the risk group together with chronic patients, the elderly and pregnant women, the symptoms in them can be easily confused with the signs of flu or common viruses. This becomes risky, as the difficulty of reaching the correct diagnosis can lead to a delay in treatment. In the latest epidemics, 25% of dengue victims were under 15 years old.

symptoms in children can be mistaken for flu or virus

As per view of some infectologist and pediatrician, explains that parents should be aware of some signs of the disease: “Their observation is very important for the diagnosis. Because the child will not say that he has a headache, he will not say that he feels joint pain. Therefore, parents should be aware of symptoms such as fever, lack of appetite, if the child is prostrate, irritated, cries a lot, feels pain in the belly, if he is vomiting, is not urinating properly and if he has spots on his body. You don’t need to have all these symptoms, but if your child has some of these, parents should take him to the doctor ”.

Symptoms of dengue in infants video uploaded by narayana health

Dengue does not spread from person to person and to become infected with the virus the child needs to be bitten by the mosquito that hosts the disease. There is no specific treatment for dengue, but drinking plenty of fluids is the most recommended by specialists. “Hydration is good in all cases, even if it is not dengue. It is recommended that the child with dengue is hydrated from 50 to 100 ml per kilo / day. 1/3 of oral hydration serum and 2/3 of water, juice, tea and coconut water. But doctors must explain very well, and in writing, how this hydration should be done ”, reinforces the pediatrician.

Causes and origins

Dengue fever is caused by an arbovirus (virus transmitted by insects), belonging to the family of Flaviviridae , of the genus flavivirus, such as the West Nile virus and yellow fever . It is transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoesduring a blood meal. The dengue virus strains fall into four distinct serotypes: DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4. 

The immunity acquired in response to Symptoms of dengue in infants of the serotypes confers protective immunity against the infecting serotype but not against the other serotypes. As a result, an individual is likely to be infected with all four of the dengue serotypes during their lifetime. Subsequent infections with other serotypes increase the risk of developing severe, so-called hemorrhagic dengue fever. An effective dengue vaccine should therefore be able to confer protective immunity against all serotypes.

Symptoms of dengue in baby
Symptoms of dengue in infants.. Pic courtesy – pixabay

Medicines such as anti-inflammatory drugs or containing acetylsalicylic acid in the composition cannot be taken during this period. Another warning is the worsening of the disease, which occurs suddenly in children and can be even more dangerous in babies, as the evolution of the condition can be sudden. In most adults, this occurs gradually.

“In addition to examining children well, doctors must have a good medical history. To know if she takes any medication, if she doesn’t have any other disease and for that, she needs the information that the mother provides. The evolution of the disease depends a lot on the patient’s immune response. But children under two are in the risk group for dengue cases. Children with heart disease or lung disease also deserve greater attention ”, warns the pediatrician.

Classic dengueSymptoms of dengue in infants

“Classic” dengue occurs suddenly after 2 to 7 days of incubation by the Symptoms of dengue in infants of a high fever often accompanied by headache , nausea , vomiting , joint and muscle pain and a rash similar to that of measles. After 3 to 4 days, a brief remission is observed, then the symptoms intensify – conjunctival hemorrhages, nosebleeds or bruising that may occur – before rapidly regressing after a week. Healing is accompanied by a recovery of a fortnight. Classic dengue fever, although very debilitating, is not considered a severe disease like dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Hemorrhagic dengue

There is a more serious form of the disease, hemorrhagic dengue. The most severe form occurs, most of the time, when the child has previously been infected with a different type of virus. There are four types of dengue in worldwide. The virus that causes the disease has four serotypes: DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4. Dengue can present, clinically, as an unapparent Symptoms of dengue in infants, classic dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.

When to think about dengue:

Symptoms of dengue in infants:

 In general, dengue causes acute fever lasting up to seven days, accompanied by other symptoms such as headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, prostration and red spots on the skin, with or without bleeding. In children, it may be asymptomatic or present nonspecific signs and symptoms, such as fever, weakness, drowsiness, refusal of food and fluids, vomiting, diarrhea or loose stools.

Symptoms of dengue in infants under two years of age – especially in children under six months of age – symptoms such as

  1. headache
  2. body aches
  3. persistent crying
  4. weakness and irritability

which can be confused with other febrile infectious conditions.

Symptoms of dengue in infants
Symptoms of dengue in infants.. Pic courtesy – pixabay

Worsening Symptoms of dengue in infants

The disease may go unnoticed and the serious condition be identified as the first clinical manifestation. The worsening, in general, is sudden, different from what occurs in the adult, which is gradual and the alarm signs are more easily detected. The severity and lethality of dengue is higher in children, as the disease can cause a drop in pressure and bleeding. The appearance of persistent vomiting, a sudden drop in body temperature, bleeding, restlessness or drowsiness, persistent crying, cold and pale skin, decreased urine content, severe pain in the belly and difficulty breathing are signs of worsening, which indicate the need to seek medical assistance quickly.Symptoms of dengue in infants.

Is dengue 2 more dangerous than another type of dengue?


“Dengue 2 will give the same symptoms, but in New Caledonia, it seems to give more serious and fatal forms: its problem in French Polynesia is the lack of immunity of the population for 20 years and therefore the risk of major epidemic with a high infection rate, affecting the most vulnerable, including infants who will often need to be hospitalized for monitoring and infusion. “

Why are children more susceptible to dengue fever? 

“Children are more sensitive especially to extreme ages, that is to say the first year of life, because they lose the maternal antibodies transmitted after 6 months and are more vulnerable. We see more severe forms in small infants with significant mortality risks: they dehydrate faster, show less need to drink, bleed more easily and can lose a large volume of blood compared to their weight, when the platelets are too low. “

Treatment manual 

With the increase in dengue cases among Symptoms of dengue in infants and young people up to 15 years of age, in the past few years, the Ministry of Health has developed a specific manual to guide professionals regarding the treatment of the disease in this target audience. The guide warns professionals to redouble their attention to the symptoms of dengue in children.

Epidemiology

Dengue is now considered a re-emerging disease. With the globalization of the economy and the increase in the exchange of goods and people, it tends to reach new geographical areas, develops more and more in urban environments, and causes epidemics of greater importance. Severe forms of dengue fever are increasingly seen in recent epidemics.Symptoms of dengue in infants.

A tropical disease

Dengue occurs mainly throughout the intertropical zone . Long limited to Southeast Asia (440,000 cases in China in 1980, 200,000 cases in Thailand in 1987), it continues to spread to the Indian Ocean , to the South Pacific (32,800 cases in Tahiti , Moorea, and in French Polynesia, in 2001), in the French Antilles (2003 and 2006-2008 and 2009-2010), and in Latin America , where the annual cases reported increased by 60 between 1989 and 1993 compared to the previous period (1984-1988).

Since the end of 2009, the disease has been rampant in the West Indies. In 2010, dengue fever caused 86,000 cases in Martinique and Guadeloupe (source InVS). In 2011 and 2012, the epidemic did not declare.

The first cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever appeared in Cuba and the Caribbean in 1981, then again in 1996, in Cuba, after 15 years of interruption. In 2013, the epidemic was declared in Guyana. That year, the Americas region alone reported 2.35 million cases, including 37,687 cases of severe dengue. This worrying resurgence of dengue fever in Latin America and the Caribbean seems linked to the relative effectiveness of mosquito vector eradication programs in this region of the globe. Population growth, uncontrolled urbanization, natural disasters and the impoverishment of populations affected by the disease also seem to be involved. Dengue has a major economic impact for the countries where it occurs.Symptoms of dengue in infants

Towards a colonization of temperate zones

In recent years, Aedes albopictus , a secondary vector for dengue in Asia, has become established in North America and Europe , including in France . Its period of activity in these regions is between May 1 and November 30, but it can survive thanks to its resistance to low temperatures and its ability to hibernate. The risk of dengue transmission has now become a reality. In 2010 in Nice, France, the first 2 indigenous cases of dengue were detected. In 2012, an outbreak in the Madeira archipelago (Portugal) caused more than 2,000 cases and imported cases were detected in 10 other European countries, outside mainland Portugal.Symptoms of dengue in infants

The latest epidemiological data

According to the WHO, in 2013, cases were reported in Florida (United States of America) and in the province of Yunnan (China). Dengue fever has continued to rage in several Latin American countries, including Honduras, Costa Rica and Mexico. In Asia, Singapore reported an increase in the number of cases after an absence of cases for several years and outbreaks have also been reported in Laos. In 2014, trends indicate an increase in the number of cases in the Cook Islands, Malaysia, Fiji and Vanuatu, the virus type 3 (DEN 3) affecting Pacific island countries after an absence of ten years.Symptoms of dengue in infants

Means of struggle

There is currently no specific treatment or vaccine marketed to combat this disease, but many multidisciplinary studies are underway. The only existing means of control are the control of vector mosquitoes in the areas concerned and individual protection against mosquito bites.Symptoms of dengue in infants

Prevention 

The main preventive measure continues to be the persistent fight against the mosquito that transmits dengue. It is estimated that about 80% of Aedes aegypti breeding sites are within or close to homes. Therefore, it is essential to pay attention and avoid leaving standing water in containers of any kind, as well as keeping any domestic water tank completely closed.Symptoms of dengue in infants

To prevent mosquito bites, the use of repellent is efficient, at least three times a day, window screens and mosquito nets also help. The mosquito breeds in environments that contain still, clean water. Their eggs can survive up to one year in a dry environment and wait for the next rainy season to form new larvae and multiply mosquitoes.

Symptoms of dengue in infants
Symptoms of dengue in infants.. Pic courtesy – pixabay

The best way to prevent it is to fight the mosquito transmitter by removing possible breeders such as tires in open areas, which can retain rainwater; putting sand instead of water in the plant dishes; always cleaning rarely used toilets, water containers for pets, water tanks and swimming pools. There is no vaccine for dengue prevention.

Symptoms of dengue in infants. Video uploaded by creative diagonastics

Other preventive measures:

  • Screen the windows and use mosquito nets over cribs or other places where the baby is.
  • Electric or spray repellent diffusers can also be used. In the rooms of babies under six months of age or who have a history of allergies or breathing problems, these products should be applied in the child’s absence.
  • With regard to the use of repellents, the most effective products against the dengue mosquito are those containing icaridine (also known as picaridin). The recommendation of the manufacturer of this product in Brazil is for use only from the age of two, but the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States consider it safe to use from both months old. The repellent should only be applied to exposed skin areas; it should not be applied close to the eyes, mouth and hands (the child can ingest) or on areas of damaged skin. It can be applied on clothes. Observe the period of action of the product and reapply it according to the recommendation.

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