Biography of GuruGobind Singh Ji

Biography of GuruGobind Singh Ji – Tenth Guru of Sikhs

Biography of GuruGobind Singh Ji: The life of Maha Giani, Maha Mighty, great saint and spiritual guru- Guru Gobind Singh is an immense source of inspiration for all of us. His death anniversary is on 7 October 2017. Let us know about his great life on this occasion and try to follow the path shown by him.

Life introduction of Guru Gobind Singh 

Name Guru govind singh 
Birth22 December 1666, Patna, Bihar
Death7 October 1708
special                             The tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs,   the founder of the Khalsa Panth, completes the teachings of all the Sikh Gurus and completes the Guru Granth Sahib , considered to be a unique confluence of devotion and power.

The famous line by Guru Gobind Singh –

“I should hawk the birds.” Where should I fight a quarter to a million, the name Gobind Singh

Brief Introduction

The original name of Guru Gobind Singh was Gobind Rai. His birthplace is said to be Patna, Bihar. His father’s name was Guru Tegh Bahadur and his mother’s name was Gujari Devi . The first four years of his childhood were spent in Patna. Then in the year 1670 his family moved to Punjab.

Nearly two years later, the family of Guru Gobind Singh resided in the Chalak Nanak (Anandpur Sahib) in the Shivalik Hills of the Himalayas. It was here that he learned elementary education, language knowledge and martial arts. Growing up, Guru Gobind Singh followed the footsteps of his father and protected Kashmiri Hindus from the tyrannical Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. Guru Gobind Singh fought in separate wars with the Mughals and their Sahyogi kingdoms for about 14 years. And lived a life in the works of human society till he lived.

Biography of GuruGobind Singh Ji
Biography of GuruGobind Singh Ji – Tenth Guru of Sikhs

Family of Guru Gobind Singh

 Sl no wife’s name  Wedding date Wedding venue  Son’s name  
1.Win mother21 June 1677BasantgarhJhujar Singh, Zorawar Singh, Fateh Singh
2.Mother beauty4 April 1684AnandpurAjit Singh
3.Mata sahib diwan5 April 1700Anandpur No children 

Special Qualities of Guru Gobind Singh

Sharing spiritual joy among the common people, teaching morality lessons to the people, encouraging and awakening the fearful and scared people to become fearless and mighty were the qualities of Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Gobind Singh was an idol of peace, forgiveness and tolerance. He had acquired knowledge of Sanskrit, Punjabi, Persian and Arabic languages. Many people believe that –

Guru Gobind Singh Ji was a unique confluence of devotion and power.

Guru Gobind Singh was also known as the blue horse. Since he had a blue horse. He was also a thinker and an excellent poet. He also had a special interest in music. It is said that he invented these instruments –

  • Taus and
  • Dilrubha

How did Gobind Singh become the tenth Guru of Sikhs?

Guru Tegh Bahadur i.e. Gobind Singh’s father was the 9th Dharma Guru of the Sikhs. When the Kashmiri Pandits were being forced to forcefully convert to Islam, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji strongly opposed it and protected the Hindus. He himself refused to accept Islam. For this reason he was beheaded by the King of India Aurangzeb in the Chandni Chowk extension. After this incident his son Guru Gobind Singh was appointed as the tenth Guru of the Sikhs.

 Guru Gobind Singh ji was only nine years old when he held the title of Dinguru on 11 November 1675.

Proficient in many arts and languages ​​Guru Gobind Singh 
Guru Gobind Singh was also a writer, he himself composed many texts. It is said that there were always 52 poets and writers present in his court, hence he was also known as ‘Sant Sipahi’. Guru Gobind Singh is known for knowledge, military ability etc. Guru Gobind Singh also learned Sanskrit, Persian, Punjabi and Arabic languages. In addition, he also learned the art of bow and arrow, sword and spear. 

This inspiration comes from the life of Guru Gobind Singh 
. Never should you lose courage in life, no matter how bad the circumstances are. One should always keep working to enhance his personality. You will always learn something new, then you will have positive communication. 

Thoughts of Guru Gobind Singh 
1- If you keep thinking only about the future, you will lose the present.
2.- When you erase ego from within you, only then you will get real peace.
3 – I like those who follow the path of truth.
4- God has given birth to us so that we can do good deeds in the world and remove evil.
5- Love of man is true devotion to God.
6 – Only by good deeds can you find God. God helps only those who do good deeds.
7- God pours his sword at the helpless. 
8- No one gets the name of God without a Guru.
9 – As much as possible, people in need should help.
10- Donate one-tenth of your earnings. 

Khalsa Text Installation

The word Khalsa means purity. Only a person committed to social service by mind, word and deed can call himself Khalsapanthi. Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa Panth in the year 1699. A Khalsa speech by him-

“Waheguru Ji Da Khalsa Waheguru Ji Di Fateh”

 Was established and at the same time he established the basic principles of Khalsa Panth.

‘5 kakara’ or ‘5 kakka’ given by Guru Gobind Singh ji 

1. Never cut your scalp.

2. Wearing a wooden comb which is considered a symbol of cleanliness.

3. Wear hard in hand.

4. Wearing pajamas or knee-length underwear (briefs).

5. To keep the saber (short sword to protect the poor and mazaloom class).

It is said in a line –

Briefs, hair, saber, comb, bracelet – Biography of GuruGobind Singh Ji

Chamkaur War – In 1704 

One million soldiers of the Mughal imperial army faced Guru Gobind Singh with just forty Sikh fighter soldiers. In this fierce battle, his two sons, Jhujar Singh and Ajit Singh were martyred. Apart from these, two more sons i.e. Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh were later chosen by the enemies alive in the wall. His mother Gujri Devi ji also died in the time period of this incident.

Other major battles:

  • 1688 – Battle of Bhangani
  • 1691 – Battle of Nandaun
  • 1696 – Battle of Guler
  • 1700 – First Battle of Anandpur
  • 1701 – Battle of Anandpur Sahib
  • 1702 – Battle of Nirmohgarh
  • 1702 – Battle of Basoli
  • 1704 – Battle of Anandpur
  • 1704 – Battle of Sarsa

Major compositions:

  • Jap sahib
  • Famine prompt
  • Graphic drama
  • Zafarnama
  • Khalsa glory

The final accompaniment of Guru Gobind Singh

At the last stage of his life journey, Guru Gobind Singh called Sangat and installed the Sikh religious book Guru Granth Sahib on the throne of the Sikh Guru . And said that now no more living person will sit on this throne. Then he said that-

In the coming times, the Sikh society has to seek guidance and inspiration from the book Guru Granth Sahib

Along with this, he taught the Sikh society to help the oppressed and always conduct decent behavior. In this way Guru Gobind Singh became the last living Guru of the Sikh society.

Death of Guru Gobind Singh

When Aurangzeb died, Bahadur Shah became the next king of India. Guru Gobind Singh also helped to get him the throne. For the same reason, their relationship was friendly. Stunned by the friendship of Bahadur Shah and Guru Gobind Singh, Nawab Wajid Khan of Sarhad had two Pathans who killed Guru Gobind Singh by deceit. Guru Gobind Singh worked day of October 7, 1708 Nanded Sahib, Maharashtra his last breath . Guru Gobind Singh had a lifespan of 42 years. Guruji himself killed one of the two killers of Guru Gobind Singh with his own dagger. And the other was killed by the Sikh group. Dagger’s sharp blows on his heart led to his death.

special of Biography of GuruGobind Singh Ji

Guru Gobind Singh compiled the teachings of all Sikh Gurus and stored them in the Guru Granth Sahib book and completed it. Guru Gobind Singh also started the tradition of adding the word Singh with the name of Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh respected people of all religions and varnas and always helped them when needed. At the age of only nine, Gobind Singh inspired his father Guru Tegh Bahadur to protect and sacrifice Kashmiri Hindus.

End of Biography of GuruGobind Singh Ji

Did you like the Guru Gobind Singh Biography?  Students may use this biography to write an essay on Guru Gobind Singh’s Life.

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