The BJP has seen 4 eras in its journey of just 38 years. These 4 era of BJP – Atal era, Advani era, Atal-Advani era and Modi-Shah era. Today is BJP Foundation Day. Let us tell you the story of these 4 eras of this party.
April 6, 1980 An evening in the then Bombay and today’s Mumbai. A new party was being born in the country and the political future of the coming India was being written. The party was BJP and became president, former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Atal, in this first national session of the BJP called the 1951 conversion of the Jana Sangh, showed courage to make a prediction.
Today, under the leadership of Modi-Shah, BJP not only proved that prediction true but also took the party beyond the horizon, which Atal might not have even dreamed of. That evening, Vajpayee said, “I dare to stand on the banks of the ocean gorging the Western Ghats of India, predicting that darkness will fall, the sun will rise, the lotus will blossom.”
The BJP has seen 4 eras in its journey of just 38 years – Atal era, Advani era, Atal-Advani era and Modi-Shah era. Today is BJP’s foundation day. Let us tell you the story of these 4 yugas of this party and also tell how the BJP has traveled from floor to floor during this time …
Atal Yuga: From socialism of Jai Prakash and Gandhi to fiery Hindutva – BJP Foundation Day
When Atal announced the birth of BJP in India, the party decided that its path would not be of capitalism and Marxism but of Gandhi’s socialism. At the first national session, Atal said clearly that the Janata Party may be broken, but the BJP will fulfill Jayaprakash’s dreams. The party will run on Gandhian Socialism.
Atal dreamed of feeding lotus with the names of Shivaji and Mahatma Jyotiba Phule. But the 1984 elections shattered this dream. The party won just two seats in the Lok Sabha. Vajpayee could not save his seat. The party may have come to know that it will not be able to defeat the Congress, following the path of Gandhian socialism.
BJP moves ahead with Atal’s liberal image Meanwhile, after Indira Gandhi’s death, the country’s politics was rapidly turning. After the death of his mother, the Shahbano episode during the tenure of Rajiv Gandhi riding on the majority wave (404 seats) of the majority and then the opening of the Ram Janmabhoomi began the phase of aggressive politics of Hindutva and Muslim appeasement in Indian politics. BJP changed its stand from here.
Earlier, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad started the movement to build a temple in Ayodhya and the Babri Masjid Action Committee was formed in response to the opening of the Ram Janmabhoomi.
Advani era: Increased by fierce Hindutva, caught in Mandal vs Kamandal
The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh had its hand on the BJP’s back. Atal’s liberal image was not able to strengthen the party. In 1986, the party took command of the aggressive leader LK Advani. In 1987, Atal-Advani met with the then Sarsanghchalak Balasaheb Deoras. The question arose as to how the Congress would be defeated. It was decided that the path would come out of the Ram temple.
It is said that Atal was not fully prepared for this path, but eventually he walked on this path. In 1989, the BJP gave formal support to the VHP’s Ram Mandir movement and a nationwide movement started on the Ram Mandir issue. A period of fierce Hindutva started in BJP under Advani’s leadership.
When BJP became part of joint opposition – BJP Foundation Day
In the 1989 general elections, the BJP was successful and won 85 seats by fighting on its own. The party then extended its support to VP Singh’s government. Interestingly, this alliance also included communists standing at the other pole than BJP at the ideological level. However, this match did not last long. When VP Singh decided to implement the recommendations of the Mandal Commission, the BJP felt threatened by its core voters.
Khatas had started coming in the meantime, in September 1990, the Rath Yatra started from Somnath to Ayodhya for the Ram temple. In September 1990, when Modi as Secretary of the Gujarat unit was formalizing the rath yatra program of the then president Advani and its routes. Then perhaps Advani may not have even thought that he would remain the PM in waiting, while the country would become ModiAdvani era started with Ram Rath Yatra.
The rath yatra, the second largest party BJP
started on 25 September, the yatra was to end in Ayodhya on 30 October, but the rath yatra took a little longer. In November 1990, Lalu announced that he would be arrested if Advani came to Bihar on a rath yatra. Advani was arrested in Samastipur. BJP got a chance and it dropped VP Singh’s government. In the meantime, Chandrasekhar became the PM with the support of Congress for 7 months, but in the 1991 general elections held 7 months later, Advani’s rath yatra worked and BJP won 120 seats. The party with 2 MPs had now become the second largest party in the country.
When Hindutva politics sparked nationalism – BJP Foundation Day
The BJP had understood the importance of Ram, but the party now saw a way forward. Murali Manohar Joshi became the president of the party after Advani in 1991. The BJP decided to spark nationalism along with Hindutva in Indian politics and in December 1991, Joshi’s tricolor journey was scheduled to end by spreading the tricolor in Srinagar on 26 January. Modi also became the charioteer of this yatra as he showed improved management ability in Advani’s journey. Perhaps even then Joshi, one of the firebrand leaders of Hindutva, did not know that this charioteer of today would become the ruler of tomorrow.
Babri demolition, governments suffered losses
The fierce movement of the Ram Mandir movement resulted in the Babri demolition on 6 December 1992 and riots broke out in the country. Apart from UP, BJP governments of MP, Rajasthan and Himachal were dismissed. A year later, elections were held in these states, then BJP lost everywhere except Rajasthan. Advani’s name came up in the hawala case and he resigned from the Lok Sabha and decided not to contest the election until he was acquitted of the allegations. BJP realized that other allies would be needed to defeat the Congress and once again the party looked towards the ‘liberal’ Atal. Despite this, BJP remained in profit and this advantage showed in 1996
Atal-Advani era: Atal took over alliance, Advani organized organization
This was the period when Atal vs Advani was being discussed in the BJP organization. Well, BJP made alliances a ladder to reach power and Atal’s face was exposed for this. In the 1996 Lok Sabha elections, BJP got 161 seats and for the first time after independence no other party i.e. BJP became BJP No.1. Vajpayee became PM but his government lasted only 13 days and fell. Vajpayee made his famous speech in the Lok Sabha before announcing his resignation.
For the first time in Doordarshan’s history, a no-confidence motion was shown live. Vajpayee predicted that no government would become permanent. His prediction also proved to be correct. Meanwhile two governments (Deve Gowda and Gujarat) were formed and fell. Mid-term elections were held in 1998 and the BJP formed the NDA with the ally and the party alone became the single largest party winning 182 seats and with the allies Vajpayee again formed the government.
A vote the government was falling shock – BJP Foundation Day
led Vajpayee government could not even walk. Today in the Rajya Sabha, BJP MP Subramanian Swamy played an important role in toppling the government. They held a meeting over the tea of Sonia Gandhi and Jayalalithaa and Jayalalitha withdrew support from the Vajpayee government. The Vajpayee government fell by one vote. Mid-term elections were held again in 1999. During this time Kargil war took place. On one hand, the country won, on the other hand BJP won the elections. The seats remained 182 but Vajpayee again formed the government with the allies. Won in states, but in 2004 the center went out of hand
During this tenure of the Vajpayee government, the BJP expanded rapidly in the states. Apart from Gujarat in 2002, BJP government was formed in 2003 in Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. The BJP gave the slogan of India Shining in confidence. But for the party, it proved to be over-confident. The party lost badly in the 2004 election. The BJP won 136 seats and formed the UPA government led by the Congress.
When Atal said, now he will grow under Advani’s leadership
The 2004 debacle proved to be the end of Atal’s political life. After the defeat, Advani became the president of the party as well as the leader of the opposition. Vajpayee announced that he will proceed under Advani’s leadership. But the party, led by Advani, was surrounded by questions. First Uma Bharti publicly questioned and was expelled from the party. Then Advani came to Jinnah’s tomb and called him a secular leader. Advani had to resign. Rajnath Singh becomes the new president.
Advani remained the PM in waiting. In
2009, Advani became the PM candidate, but the BJP not only lost the election but the seats were reduced to 112. Advani failed to get the title of PM in Waiting. Sushma Swaraj in the Lok Sabha and Jaitley in the Rajya Sabha had been made the Leader of the Opposition. In a way, this was the end of the Atal-Advani era by the BJP.
The country became Modi in 2014 Modi-Shah era: Rajnath became captain, Shah became man of the match;
Advani saw the weakness of many centers of power in BJP. Meanwhile, due to allegations of corruption, Gadkari had to leave the post of party president. Rajnath Singh replaced Gadkari as president. Here in 2012, Narendra Modi hit a hat-trick of victories in Gujarat. Now his eyes were on Delhi. In 2013, at the Goa session, Rajnath Singh announced to make Narendra Modi the Chairman of the Election Campaign Committee. Again, Modi was made the BJP’s PM candidate despite Advani’s obvious objections.
Modi campaigned for the 2014 elections. Promised good days Saath ka saath, said of everyone’s development. Modi asked for more than 300 seats from the country. The country formed the government with full majority once again after 1984, not giving 300, but 282 seats. In 2014, the 2-party BJP single-handedly gained power to create power. Modi once again realizes the power of charismatic leadership.
Brand Modi gave BJP what even the Atal-Advani pair could not give. Modi, who became PM after winning the elections, said that the victory was Captain Rajnath Singh and man of the match Amit Shah. This was in a way the beginning of Modi-Shah era in BJP, within which the party was yet to see many successes.
Baja danka in northeast, BJP, Congress and confined nationwide
Even after the 2014 elections, the BJP’s victory chariot continues under the leadership of Modi-Shah. After 2014, the BJP formed governments in states like Maharashtra, Haryana and Jharkhand and Jammu and Kashmir. The Congress was a partner in power in all four states. In Haryana, she was running the government on her own and she had coalition government in the other three states.
Haryana, Jharkhand and Maharashtra, the BJP succeeded in snatching the chair from the Congress, while it has a coalition government with the PDP in Jammu and Kashmir. In 2016, BJP made a victory in the Northeast. Bedeviled Congress from Assam in power.
In early 2017 elections were held in 5 states, out of which the Congress lost the Akali-BJP in Punjab, but lost to Uttarakhand and Manipur to the BJP. By the way, the Congress emerged as the largest party in Goa and Manipur, but the BJP was successful in forming the government. In the UP assembly elections, under the leadership of Modi-Shah, BJP defeated SP-BSP-Congress and got Yogi crowned by a strong majority. The BJP once again managed to save its stronghold in Gujarat, while in Himachal Pradesh it defeated the Congress.
BJP expanded rapidly under the chairmanship of Amit Shah
The Northeast also waved Parcham – BJP Foundation Day
this year Tripura, Nagaland and Meghalaya elections also brought good news for BJP. In Tripura, BJP ousted the 25-year-old leftist government from power. At the same time, in Nagaland and Meghalaya, the BJP was able to form a government with an alliance. Earlier, the Congress party was in Meghalaya, but the Congress failed to form the government even after winning the most seats in the assembly elections.
Modi-Shah duo makes the impossible possible
That is, the Modi-Shah duo also made possible things that seemed impossible for the BJP at one time. Today, if you look at the map of India according to the political parties, then the picture looks saffron. However, the BJP has lost in more by-elections to the Lok Sabha since 2014. In Gujarat too, the Congress has given a good challenge to the BJP. Karnataka elections are due in May and before 2019, there is also a battle in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh.
The opposition is very concerned about the issue of Dalits and minorities. The Modi government seems to be besieged on banking scams and farmers’ issues. In such a situation, the challenge before the BJP is now biggest Brand Modi in 2020 as well. This was also a big test for the Modi-Shah era which they over come very successfully.
If you like this post please share it to Facebook and like our Facebook page.
- Top 10 richest people in the world in 2020, Richest man in World
- WWE WrestleMania 36 Day 1 Results, Pre-Show Summary, Recap
- Swami Abhedanandas Moroner Pare- স্বামী অভেদানন্দের মরণের পারে Analysis
- How to conceive twins? Types, factors, features details about twins