World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April, Know why it’s on 7th April

World Health Day

World Health Day : Since its inception, the WHO has played a large role in eradicating small pox disease. At present, WHO is working on prevention of dangerous diseases like AIDS, Ebola, TB and Corona Virus or Covid19.

World Health Day is observed every year on 7 April on the anniversary of the Foundation Day of the World Health Organization . Last year’s theme is ‘Health Coverage: Everyone, Everywhere’ means that everyone should get the benefit of better health facilities everywhere.

Each year on April 7, hundreds of organizations celebrate World Health Day. Awareness events are organized around the world, aimed at better informing public opinion about morbidity, mortality and suffering.

World Health Day
World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April, Know why it’s on 7th April

The unacceptable suffering of the mother and child had also been chosen as the theme for the day in 2005. WHO was involved in this day and organized events at the global, regional and national levels to mark World Day of Health.

World Heritage

Our most precious inalienable capital is our health. But the global observation is alarming: developing countries still do not have the living conditions necessary to maintain good health. The infrastructure is poor and access to drugs difficult, not to mention adulterated drug trafficking …

In the so-called developed countries, equality in health is also not the order of the day. If a majority of the citizens of these countries benefit from efficient and accessible health infrastructures, others are forced to give up certain treatments, for lack of being able to pay the mutual insurance company which will cover their expenses

View of WHO on World Health Day

The World Health Organization or WHO is part of the United Nations. Its main job is to monitor and help solve health problems worldwide. WHO was established on 7 April 1948 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. At the time of the founding of the WHO, its constitution was signed by 61 countries. Its first meeting was held on 24 July 1948.

Since its inception, the WHO has played a large role in eradicating small pox disease. At present, WHO is working on prevention of dangerous diseases like AIDS, Ebola and TB. The WHO is responsible for the World Health Report, which carries a survey of health concerns related to the whole world. The current director general of WHO is Tredross Adonam, who began his five-year term on 1 July 2017.

How to keep diseases away

Life is fast nowadays. Moving towards quality in life does not mean that health is compromised. You are busy with your life, everything is going well in life. Suddenly there is a break and life becomes obedient to drugs. Our attention should go towards how to stay away from diseases.

Do Yoga and Exercise In World Health Day

today’s era, emphasis is also being placed on home remedies. These things are helpful in keeping you healthy according to the weather. Apart from this, if you want to be healthy, then do yoga, exercise, walking and jogging regularly. This reduces stress. Also take healthy diet, include fresh vegetables and fiber-rich food in your diet. Also, eat seasonal fruits.

World Health Day
Do Yoga and Exercise

On behalf of WHO

World Health Day is one of the major World Days on the birthday of the World Health Organization (WHO), whose constitution entered into force on April 7, 1948. 2020 is the international motto: “World Health Day 2020 – Support nurses and midwives”. In view of the Corona Crisis 2020, it is certainly a suitable decision – albeit made well in advance.

With 194 member states, WHO is one of the largest world organizations. The World Health Day has been proclaimed in Germany since 1954. The main organizer of World Health Day in Germany is the Federal Association for Prevention and Health Promotion (BVPG).

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21 benefits of neem will surprise you ans some disadvantage of neem

21 benefits of neem

21 benefits of neem: If you have neem tree in front of your house then you are really very lucky. Apart from giving cool air in summer, it is a tree whose every part is effective in curing some or other disease.

If you have neem tree in front of your house then you are really very lucky. Apart from giving cool air in summer, it is a tree whose every part is effective in curing some or other disease. Not only this, neem is also used prominently in the manufacture of various types of cosmetics.

benefits of neem:

Let us now have a detailed discussion about the benefits of Neem:

1. as contraceptive – 21 benefits of neem

Medicines prepared by neem are used as contraceptives.

One study used neem on mice. They were given neem oil and it was found that the rats became sterile for some time.

Thus neem oil can be used to prevent unwanted pregnancy.

Neem tree
21 benefits of neem will surprise you ans some disadvantage of neem

Neem oil blocks the process of spermatogenesis found in men. Thus testosterone is not produced and relief from unwanted pregnancy is achieved.

2. For the mouth and teeth

Mouthwash made from neem extracts inhibits the growth of ‘Streptococcus mutants’. These are a type of bacteria that cause problems in the mouth and teeth.

Neem oil is also used in toothpaste as it is capable of fighting against bacteria and other harmful germs.

Chewing neem bark provides relief from the stench of the mouth.

Apart from this, Neem bark also relieves the pain in teeth and the problem of insects in them.

3. Antibacterial Properties – 21 benefits of neem

Neem is capable of fighting many types of bacteria.

A study has shown that neem leaves have antifungal and antiviral properties. Thus they protect the body from any infection or fungal infection.

If there is any type of infection in the skin, then applying neem leaves to get rid of this problem.

4. In the prevention of diabetes

Neem is naturally bitter and astringent.

A study has revealed that neem has hypoglycemic properties. They reduce the chances of diabetes by reducing the sugar particles found in the blood.

In addition, neem has the potential to reduce the stress caused by diabetes.

One study looked at the antidiabetic effects of neem which are helpful in the prevention and treatment of diabetes.

5. In the treatment of asthma

Neem oil miraculously helps in the treatment of asthma.

If you are suffering from phlegm, fever and cough then taking few drops of neem oil daily provides relief.

One thing must be kept in mind that drops of neem oil should not be taken in large quantities but instead should be increased gradually.

6. Against Cancer

Neem leaves are used to prevent cancer.

It also reduce the chances of prostate cancer. Neem leaves have the ability to act against cancer-causing cells.

The elements found in neem are called medical agents. These prevent check points from deteriorating during cell division.

In this way, the cells are not able to uncontrollably budge and the body survives cancer.

7. Blood purification – 21 benefits of neem

The elements present in neem also act to purify the blood.

Neem oil controls the level of sugar found in the blood. It kills the unnecessary sugar particles found in the blood and thus purifies the blood.

Mix two to three neem leaves and some amount of honey in a glass of water. Take this mixture empty stomach daily in the morning. This improves disturbance of hormone levels.

8. Get rid of eye problems

Neem provides relief from many types of problems occurring in the eyes.

Although research has not confirmed whether neem has an effect on eyesight, neem leaves provide relief from eye irritation and other problems.

Boil a few rows of neem in water and cool it down. Now wash eyes thoroughly with this water.

By doing this, you get relief from irritation and redness in the eyes.

9. In the treatment of leprosy

Neem is used in the treatment of leprosy.

A study in Egypt has revealed that the use of neem benefits leprosy. The study also showed that neem is matagenic which does not cause any change in DNA.

Although neem seed is beneficial, it is important to consult a doctor before consuming it.

Excessive consumption of neem seeds indicates toxic effects, so it should not be consumed directly.

10. Used in aromatherapy – 21 benefits of neem

Neem flower is used in aromatherapy.

The oil extracted from neem flower balances the hormone levels in the body. In this way, this oil keeps the body calm.

The oil extracted from neem flower is used in many types of creams. These creams are used in massage.

11. In the treatment of joint pain

Neem leaves and flowers provide relief in joint pain. Neem has inflammatory properties that are helpful in suppressing pain.

Boil neem leaves and flowers in a glass of water. Drain and cool it. Drink this water 2 times a month. It provides relief in arthritis.

Massaging with neem oil provides relief from joint pain. In addition, neem oil also strengthens the muscles.

21 benefits of neem
Neem balances the levels of sugar found in the blood

12. Controlling cholesterol

Neem balances the levels of sugar found in the blood and lowers blood concentrations. In this way, the amount of cholesterol in the blood remains controlled and the blood does not freeze in the arteries.

One study found that only 100 mg of neem miraculously lowered cholesterol levels.

13. In the treatment of ulcers

Neem has a great contribution in the treatment of ulcers.

Neem bark provides relief in ulceration and gastric acidity.

In one study, it has been found that neem bark is effective in reducing ulceration and gastric acidity in stressed rats.

14. Reduce Acne – 21 benefits of neem

Water filled with extracts of neem leaves is beneficial for pimples.

Boil 20 leaves of neem in one to one and a half liters of water. Boil the water until the water starts to turn a bit green.

Cool the mixture and store it in a bottle. Every night before sleeping, immerse a cotton swab in this water and clean the face from it.

It helps in opening the pores of the facial skin, so that the dirt of the skin comes out.

Similarly, neem powder can also be used for skin. This powder is mixed with water and cleans the skin.

15. In the treatment of Malaria

Neem leaves exhibit antiviral properties.

It is capable of fighting the malaria virus. A study has revealed that neem extract is capable of fighting the malaria virus ‘Plasmodium yvax’. Thus it prevents malaria.

Apart from this, neem tea has been used in the treatment of malaria for centuries which is really effective.

16. Diagnosing digestive problems

Neem is used to diagnose digestive problems.

Both neem powder or oil are used to strengthen digestion.

Extracts of neem leaves give relief from acidity. It balances the level of acid in the stomach and relieves gas and constipation.

17. Get rid of blackheads – 21 benefits of neem

Everybody likes stained and dry skin, but due to sun and dust, there are blackheads on the skin. In such a situation, neem oil can help you.

Put 2 to 3 drops of neem oil in water and apply it in blackheads. It makes the skin free from stains.

18. Relieving Skin Infection

Neem not only eliminates stains or pimples from the skin, but it also gives relief from any type of infection occurring in the skin.

Add neem oil to the water and mix the two together. Add 100 milligrams of this mixture to your bath water and take bath. It relieves allergies and infections.

19. Relief of dark circles under the eyes

Lack of sleep, excess of work and excessive fatigue causes dark circles under the eyes.

Neem promises to get rid of this problem completely.

Add neem powder to the water. Apply it on the dark circles under the eyes. Wash it with normal water after leaving it for ten minutes. It is a very effective medicine.

20. Relief from baldness

Fast falling hair gives rise to baldness. Baldness is due to lack of proper nutrition and side effects of chemical medicines.

Neem can help you a lot if you also have this problem, but a doctor’s consultation is necessary before implementing any kind of treatment. Show your problem to the doctor first and then use Neem medicine only on his suggestion.

Both hair masks and neem water made from neem give relief from baldness. They also promote hair growth.

21. for happy hair

Just as neem gives moisture to dry skin, it also solves the problem of dry hair.

Mix water and honey together. Add neem leaves to it and boil all three well. Leave it on your hair for a while and then wash it off with shampoo. This frees up freezing hair and keeps hair moist.

Other benefits – 21 benefits of neem

If you have burnt your hand while cooking or for any other reason, then grind neem leaves on that place immediately. The antiseptic property present in it does not allow the wound to grow much.

21 benefits of neem
Causes of auto-immune diseases

If you have pain in ear, using neem oil will be very beneficial. Neem oil is also an effective remedy for many people due to the disease of running ears.

For applying on boils and other wounds,
it happens many times that due to lack of clear blood, boils occur from time to time. In such a situation, grinding neem leaf on the affected area will be beneficial. Also, there are no pimples on cleansing the face with its water.

In this way we can know the benefits of neem.

Let us now talk about how Neem can be obtained?

Getting neem – 21 benefits of neem

Neem has many benefits. If you also want to benefit from Neem then search for Neem tree near you.

Then If you find a neem tree, then you can get bark, leaves and fruits from there. If there is no neem tree near you, you can buy neem-rich products from the market.

You can buy neem oil and mouthwash from online market.

Neem tablets have similar benefits, so you can buy them as well. It is beneficial for the skin, but consult a doctor before using them.

Along with the benefits of neem, it can have some disadvantages as well.

Harm of neem

1. Causes of auto-immune diseases

If you have any auto-immune disease then you should avoid using neem.

Neem makes the immune system highly active and causes many auto-immune diseases such as sclerosis.

We should avoid the use of neem in such situation and the doctor’s advice should be preferred.

2. Harmful to infants

Consuming neem orally severely harms infants.

Due to the side effects of neem, infants develop vomiting, diarrhea, coma and neurological problems.

Sometimes infants also die, so it is necessary to protect infants from the consumption of neem.

3. Pregnant women harm

Neem is prone to miscarriage, so pregnant women should avoid consumption of neem.

It also harms breastfeeding women, so they should also stay away from neem.

4. Other Side Effects

Neem can cause infertility problems in both men and women.

Before surgery, operation and organ transplant, doctors recommend staying away from neem for at least two weeks.

In this article we learned about the advantages and disadvantages of neem .

We would advise you to use neem only after consulting a doctor.

If you have any question, then you can ask us through comment.

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Covid loss of taste & smell, New symptoms: Corona patients suffer

Covid loss of taste & smell

Covid loss of taste & smell, New symptoms: Corona patients suffer from loss of smell

Those who are infected with corona typically suffer from flu-like symptoms such as dry cough and fever. Now researchers have also discovered a new set of symptoms: a loss of smell and taste lasting several days.

Anyone who suffers from a common cold with a runny nose knows the problem: Even the beloved favorite dish no longer tastes good. Researchers at the Institute of Virology at the University of Bonn have now discovered the same phenomenon in corona patients in the district of Heinsberg (North Rhine-Westphalia), which is particularly affected by Covid-19 .

Patients with a moderate course of the disease

The patients surveyed, who generally showed only very mild to moderate symptoms of Covid 19 , complained of loss of smell and taste.“With our first patient we met, we didn’t take it so seriously that he no longer liked the food. But then the same statement came with the second. ”Prof. Hendrik Streeck, Head of the Institute of Virology, University Hospital Bonn

We taste with the nose

In order for us to taste food, the sense of smell and taste usually work together. They make it possible for us to enjoy the food, but also warn against inedible things. When we eat food, scent molecules rise from the mouth into the nose. Olfactory cells take them up and pass them on to the brain. In fact, we don’t taste most of the flavorings in the food, we smell them. If the nose is blocked, this aroma transport fails due to the swollen mucous membranes in the nose – the food appears bland.

Loss of taste and smell without runny nose

In connection with the Corona patients in Heinsberg, however, the researchers now found that the sufferers had temporarily lost their sense of smell and taste. And this despite the fact that they did not suffer from runny nose or a stuffy nose.“One patient complained that he no longer smelled the shampoo in the shower. A mother could no longer see the full diapers of the newborn. And a nurse even tested her olfactory ability with vinegar essence when she told us about it. ”Prof. Hendrik Streeck, Head of the Institute of Virology, University Hospital Bonn

The cause of the new symptoms is unclear

The researchers are currently still puzzling why the Covid 19 patients lose their sense of smell and taste. After all, the Bonn virologists were able to determine these disease characteristics in 70 percent of the patients surveyed in Heinsberg. However, it seems certain that the loss of sensory perception only occurs over a short period of time, namely over two to three days.“It creeps up and then disappears again. But it was a noticeable symptom during the coronavirus infection. ”Prof. Hendrik Streeck, Head of the Institute of Virology, University Hospital Bonn.

British report on Covid loss of taste & smell

A British report by ear, nose and throat doctors reports a separate symptom of the coronavirus, namely the loss of sense of smell and taste. Doctors rely on corona patients from South Korea, China and Italy who all showed this characteristic but had no other symptoms.

“It is noticeable that if you suddenly have an odor loss, it is certainly an indication that you may be infected with the corona virus. But other viral infections can also cause an odor loss. Only Corona proves to be very typical,” testifies Philippe Gevaert, ear, nose and throat doctor at UZ Gent on VRT radio.

Covid loss of taste & smell
Covid loss of taste & smell, New symptoms: Corona patients suffer

It is a caution to be extra careful

“If your olfactory nerve self-ignites, it can literally cause temporary damage. With the corona virus you have both: less smell due to snot, but also damage to the olfactory nerve. In 70 percent of viral infections, the odor loss recovers quickly Corona infection can take several months to a year for the sense of smell to come back, “concludes Gevaert.

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Corona or Seasonal flu, how to detect and take preventive measurements?

Corona or Seasonal flu

Corona or Seasonal flu: The guidelines of the Ministry of Health to limit the spread of influenza viruses.

Nothing else is mentioned: pneumonia that, starting from the city of Wuhan, in China, has triggered the health emergency that has made the whole world agitated, is the main topic in all the media. According to reports from the World Health Organization, there are over 6000 proven cases. Including 68 in 15 other countries besides China. Communications and news are updated hour by hour, but while we keep our eyes and ears open waiting for developments. There is another epidemic that is forcing thousands of Indian to bed : that of seasonal flu .

According to data from the Ministry of Health , seasonal influences affect an average of 9% of the Indian population every year, and in 2018 the peak reached 18%. The ministry has put online an entire portal dedicated to seasonal flu. It also thanks to the indications of the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), provides several tips to prevent infections as much as possible . Some simple sanitation rules can in fact limit the direct and indirect transmission of the virus.

Preventing and limiting the spread of seasonal flu: a vademecum

Wash your hands .

 Frequent hand washing is strongly recommended, both to avoid transmission of the virus and to limit the possibility of contracting it. In fact, the hands are often contaminated by respiratory secretions through which flu viruses can be transmitted. It is very important to wash your hands after coughing or sneezing, but also after visiting places and public transport. Water and soap are ideal, but in their absence, alcohol-based cleaning solutions (the gels that are easily found on the market) may also be fine. It is also essential to avoid contact with eyes, nose and mouth of unclean hands.

Cover nose and mouth – Corona or Seasonal flu

When coughing or sneezing you need to cover your nose and mouth with a tissue. Then immediately throw it in the trash (and wash your hands). If you attend hospitals it is recommended to use masks to cover the respiratory tract, especially with flu symptoms already known.

Isolation . 

People with febrile respiratory diseases should stay home, especially in the early stages of the disease. Conversely, avoiding crowded places can reduce the risk of being exposed to viruses if you are healthy. In any case, it is important to regularly air the room in which you are staying.

Corona or Seasonal flu
Corona or Seasonal flu, how to detect and take preventive measurements?

More on Corona or Seasonal flu

Coronaviruses, WHO recalls , are a type of virus that causes respiratory diseases, and the classic cold is included in their ‘family’. Therefore, also for this particular mutation currently protagonist of the news, called 2019-nCoV. It commended to adopt the standard sanitation rules to avoid the transmission of the most common flu viruses. 

To limit the possibility of contagion, the World Health Organization adds the following to the indications recommended above. Limit the consumption of uncooked meat and fish, and, in countries where the virus has been found, avoid markets where live animals are traded. In addition, WHO stresses that it should avoid direct contact with people who experience flu symptoms. And to contact your doctor in case of breathing difficulties.

Cleanliness and protection of the airways: good sanitation standards are at the basis of preventing the spread of influenza viruses. 

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Fight Corona by boosting immuno, Take care of the immune system

Fight Corona by boosting immuno

Fight Corona by boosting immuno: Immune defenses are at the forefront of the fight against viruses. An immunologist explains how they work and what to do to keep them healthy (by dismantling some common beliefs)

In this moment of medical emergency, all attention is rightly directed towards the coronavirus . But hundreds, thousands of people are in bed with the ‘classic’ seasonal flu or are fighting against what are now considered ‘simple’ colds and sore throats. Given the situation it is important to get sick as little as possible even of these common seasonal ailments, to avoid crowding the medical offices and clinics. This is the time to rely on our very important immune system . But how does it work? What should we do to keep it healthy? Is it really possible to strengthen it so as not to get sick? To understand each other, we interviewed Dr. Guglielmo Scala, immunologist registered on the portal.

Let’s start with a review: how do the immune defenses work?

“To explain how immune defenses work, we must first specify that there are two types of immune response: the non-specific innate one and the acquired or adaptive and specific one. The innate nonspecific immune defense concerns the defenses present in our body since birth. It acts against any external agent deemed threatening, in a natural way. The organism is equipped to defend itself with immediate response to environmental aggressions and this defense starts from the tissues in contact with the outside (respiratory and digestive skin and mucous membranes). The acquired specific immune defense concerns the immune response against the external agent and develops more slowly, following a first contact. We no longer speak of a generic response to aggression,

What weakens them?

“Today, the main causes of the weakening of the immune defenses are: malnutrition; improper nutrition (for example, inadequate protein intake compromises the production and functionality of those glycoproteins which constitute a fundamental part of the immune system); advanced age; diseases that weaken the immune system; the immoderate use of antibiotics. “

Are there any bodies responsible for protective functions?

“Years ago there was a mistaken belief that defense cells came from the bone marrow. Today we know, however, that the whole organism collaborates in global defense and that epithelial cells (those responsible for the functions of coating, secretion, transport and absorption) also have an important immune role. “

To strengthen the immune system, which aspects of everyday life do we need to pay attention to?

“The immune system doesn’t need to be strengthened . The many products on the market that promise to ‘strengthen the immune system’ really don’t really fulfill this promise. Certainly certain diseases weaken the immune system. Improper nutrition (high calorie foods, but low in nutrients) and some wrong habits such as sedentary lifestyle or the absence of attention to temperature changes can negatively affect the immune system. But a healthy person doesn’t need to integrate anything to have a stronger immune system. “

Let’s go back to nutrition: is there any food that is particularly useful for the immune response? Are garlic and ginger really ‘miraculous’ as they say?

“Overall nutrition plays an important role in the immune response. Among the advice that I would like to give, that of preferring antioxidant foods , such as brown rice, blueberries, black grapes and tomatoes. The presence of meat in the diet is also highly recommended. I would not speak instead of garlic and ginger, but of ginger and turmeric which are antioxidant agents in nature, according to the latest scientific studies. Strong antioxidants, such as sulforaphane, are also present in green vegetables. “

Fight Corona by boosting immuno
Fight Corona by boosting immuno, Take care of the immune system

Is it useful to drink a thousand juices a day in full flu period?-Fight Corona by boosting immuno

“ It is a legend . If a person is healthy, he should not strive to be healthier. As said before, surely following a balanced diet and above all rich in vitamins and minerals is a great help for the immune system. In particular, seasonal vegetables and fresh fruit rich in vitamin C and vitamin D should be consumed. But this does not mean that these foods can change the immune system. “

Does hygiene play a role in all this?-Fight Corona by boosting immuno

“Hygiene plays a fundamental role for the immune system. Drinking water, clean homes, sanitized and washed clothes, vaccinations, antibiotics have had a fundamental impact on reducing infant mortality and life expectancy. On the other hand, it must be said that excess hygiene can be counterproductive and cause a significant increase in allergic diseases. “

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Coronavirus facts: what we know and what we don’t – important & updated

Coronavirus facts

More than 260,000 people infected worldwide, closed borders, curfews – and the number of people infected continues to rise in Germany. How dangerous is the Coronavirus facts:?

Corona virus information is changing at a rapid pace , so current assessments should always be viewed as preliminary.

Questions that are currently under high pressure: How easily can the virus infect people, how will the epidemic develop – and how can we slow the spread as much as possible?

How is the corona virus transmitted?

Scientists and health authorities assume that coronaviruses are primarily passed on through a droplet and contact infection – i.e. through direct coughing or physical contact with a sick person. Pure airborne transmission has not been proven so far.

In contrast to the well-known SARS infection, SARS-CoV-2 succeeds, according to the virologist Christian Drosten from Charité Berlin “apparently an active increase in the throat area, that is a big difference to SARS.” Conclusion: infection is much faster.

Easier to transfer than expected

“It has become clear in the past few days that the virus is more easily transmitted than was thought at the start of the outbreak. This is shown by the case numbers, but also by the scientific publications on the calculation of the basic reproduction rate. It is about as high as that of the SARS corona virus from 2003 ″, says Prof. Lars Schaade, Vice President and Head of the Center for Biological Hazards and Special Pathogens from the Robert Koch Institute.

Based on this basic reproduction rate R0, researchers are currently trying to determine how the epidemic could develop. It indicates the number of people infected on average by an infected person. A value between 2.4 and 3.3 is currently assumed.

Contagious without symptoms? – Coronavirus facts

Occasionally it has been reported that even infected people who had no symptoms had transmitted the virus. This is an important factor in assessing how easily a disease can spread. Viruses become particularly dangerous if they migrate very quickly from person to person.

However, this does not rule out that in other cases there was no transmission during the incubation period. An incubation period of up to 14 days is currently assumed.

How long do you stay contagious?

Of course, an infected person can also spread the virus if the symptoms have appeared. However, there is hardly any data on the point at which such contagiousness exists after the onset of the disease. Reproductive viruses were detected in a preliminary study in the throat up to four days after the onset of symptoms and in the sputum up to eight days after the onset of symptoms.

In various studies, components of the virus were detected in the patient’s airways up to 18 days after the onset of the disease. It is not known whether these viruses were still capable of replication and were therefore contagious.

Coronavirus facts
Coronavirus facts: what we know and what we don’t – important & updated

Transmission over surfaces? – Coronavirus facts

Preliminary work shows that the new corona virus can survive up to 72 hours on surfaces such as plastic or stainless steel. The number of viruses and their infectivity is likely to decrease rapidly after around eight hours.

A possible smear infection is not excluded, but has not yet been proven. Likewise, there is still no confirmed case in which people have become infected, for example, from eating contaminated food or from imported toys.

How dangerous is the corona virus?

It is now clear that the majority of those affected (around 80 percent) only have mild cold symptoms – or none at all. At 20 percent, however, the disease is severe. The special risk group are older patients and people with previous illnesses.

On average, Covid-19 infections are more common in men, and the disease is also more serious and fatal here.

For example, a large proportion of the deceased already had a compromised immune system or were very old – or both. That is, the older the patient, the greater the risk. But young people could also die from certain viral diseases as a result of this viral infection.

Mortality rate appears to be lower than previous corona epidemics

If one compares the mortality rate (i.e. the number of known infected people who die from the disease) of the new coronavirus with that of the previous corona epidemics, it currently appears to be lower – based on the confirmed cases, it would be around 3, 8 percent (as of March 16, 2020).

In the Hubei region, mortality is six times higher than in the other Chinese provinces.

However, since the number of undetected infections is probably much higher, the mortality rate is likely to be lower. Mathematicians and epidemiologists certainly expect the number of unreported cases to be 10 times higher. However, only increased tests can provide information. The Robert Koch Institute names a possible factor that fluctuates between 4.5 and 11.1.

Virologist Christian Drosten ultimately assumes a realistic lethality between 0.3 and 0.7 percent. Calculated across China, the first data also indicate a mortality rate of 0.8 percent. However, there is no final data yet. For comparison: about 10 to 11 percent of the sick died of a SARS infection.

Can young people also become infected?

As in China, the average age of the deceased in India is very high at 65. The majority of those infected, however, are much younger. The average age here is 45 years (as of March 23, 2020).

Although the likelihood of Covid-19 taking a serious course in young people is significantly lower, it is not impossible. The so-called case-deceased share among people younger than 50 years is less than one percent in evaluations from South Korea. In the end, however, several factors decide how high the individual risk is.

Certain pre-existing conditions can also lead to a fatal outcome in young people, as was the case with a 21-year-old football coach from Spain. There, the underlying disease leukemia was not diagnosed before, the man probably died in the hospital from the consequences of the viral infection.

Does it make sense to first infect young people and then isolate them?

For comprehensive protection against massive and exponential spreading, as is the case with SARS-CoV-2, a herd immunity would help, as it exists against other infectious diseases, such as measles or, in part, also the annual flu virus.

Many people are therefore considering whether it is not possible to target the less vulnerable population groups. After 14 days of quarantine, these groups could then continue their daily lives, may no longer be infectious, and at the same time would curb the further spread of the virus. So the thought.

It would be a dangerous experiment

In practice, however, there is an important problem: Individual cases document that even young, athletic and apparently healthy people seriously develop or die from Covid-19 because, for example, possible high-risk previous illnesses have not yet been diagnosed.

Furthermore, there is little information to date on whether and how long there is immunity to the virus. Researchers have demonstrated this when macaques are reinfected. Initial studies in recovered patients have shown that the immune system produces antibodies. How long this protection lasts is still unclear.

Or the older ones? – Coronavirus facts

Isolating only the elderly and high-risk groups sounds plausible at first glance. In practice, however, it is just as difficult to imagine, as there is always further contact through caregivers, doctors and family – and through these people in turn with others. In addition, the risk groups are often particularly dependent on outside help in everyday life.

Is Corona More Dangerous Than Seasonal Flu?

It is true that seasonal flu kills many people worldwide every year. More than previously died from the corona virusNevertheless, one cannot draw the conclusion that SARS-CoV-2 is harmless than seasonal flu viruses.

There are several reasons for this. For one thing, it is not yet clear how high the mortality rate of SARS-CoV-2 will actually be. A look at the numbers of the so-called excess mortality, i.e. the increased deaths compared to all-cause mortality in the same period, does not show any extraordinary increases in Europe. However, it must be taken into account here that this year’s winter was mild and is presumably associated with a particularly small number of flu deaths and that the epidemic with SARS-CoV-2 is not yet over.

However, it is suspected that it is slightly above that of the seasonal influenza virus.

No basic immunity in the population at Corona

In addition, due to the relatively high infection rate, there is a risk that the virus will spread quickly worldwide. And because people have never been infected with the new corona virus, there is no basic immunity (as with the flu). People are exposed to the virus without protection.

It is different with the seasonal flu that occurs every year: According to the WHO, about 15 percent of the world’s population is infected with one of the circulating influenza strains each year and thereby receives partial immunity. This leads to basic immunity in the population against certain influenza viruses.

Despite low mortality, many victims are possible

Without basic immunity, however, a virus can spread quickly and infect large parts of the world’s population, sometimes in several waves. This can cause a pandemic to claim many victims, even if the overall mortality rate is not particularly high. The flu pandemic of 1968, for example, had a mortality rate well below half a percent, but still killed about one to four million people worldwide.

Immunization against the virus would help, such as vaccination. But there is still no corona vaccine. Experts expect a ready-to-use product at the earliest next year.

Corona virus
How vulnerable are pregnant women and children?

Who is particularly at risk?

Even if all the mortality figures currently circulating should be viewed with caution: An initial evaluation by the Chinese health authorities suggests that the risk of dying from the coronavirus differs significantly – depending on age, gender and previous illnesses. For the analysis, data from 44,000 detected corona infected people from China were evaluated.

The conclusion: The risk for young people is therefore rather low. From the age of 50, the risk of dying from the infection increases significantly – in China to around 0.8 percent. People from 80 to 14.8 percent of those infected in the Chinese evaluation are most at risk of death.

Risk groups for Covid-19 – Coronavirus facts

The risk group includes the following people:

  • Older people (over 50 years)

As well as regardless of age

  • Smokers
  • Previous heart disease (e.g. coronary heart disease)
  • Previous lung disease (e.g. asthma, chronic bronchitis)
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Diabetes mellitus (due to comorbidities)
  • Cancer
  • Suppressed or weak immune system (people taking immunosuppressive drugs such as cortisone, HIV patients without therapy)

How vulnerable are pregnant women and children?

Pregnant women are not particularly at risk, according to previous knowledge. In principle, a newborn could be infected through close contact or a droplet infection, but so far no SARS-CoV-2 has been detected in breast milk.

Likewise, children do not show an increased risk of a severe course of the disease – however, they can also become infected, remain symptom-free and spread the disease.

Article section: How do I know that I have been infected with the corona virus?

How do I know if I have the corona virus?

The coronavirus apparently causes symptoms of very different degrees: from a rather harmless cold and an upper respiratory tract infection to the typical signs of viral pneumonia – fever with cough, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing, muscle pain and fatigue. Headaches or sputum are less common.

Especially the rather harmless symptoms are mistaken for a common cold or flu and the distinction is not always easy, also because different patients report different symptoms.

Differences to cold and flu – Coronavirus facts

However, the data from China do not seem to coincide with the most common symptoms in India. The Robert Koch Institute refers to almost 6,000 positive cases, for which the additional data are presented. Accordingly, the symptoms occur with the following frequencies: cough (55 percent), fever (39 percent), runny nose (28 percent); no significant symptoms for Covid-19 (19 percent). 

What should I do if I have symptoms?

If you have the feeling that you are showing symptoms, you should first call your family doctor or a rescue center! This way you avoid infecting other people. The doctor then discusses how to proceed – whether and when a visit to the practice makes sense or whether the doctor can come home.

For people who have had contact with people who have been diagnosed with the virus, the following applies: If they have symptoms ranging from a mild cold to pneumonia, they should stay at home, avoid direct contact with other people and contact the responsible health department by phone

This also applies to travelers and returnees who have been in a risk area within the past 14 days, regardless of whether they show symptoms or not. The risk areas identified by the Robert Koch Institute are:

  • In China: Hubei Province (including Wuhan City)
  • Iran
  • Italy
  • Egypt
  • In France: Grand Est
  • South Korea: Gyeongsangbuk-do Province (North Gyeongsang)
  • In Austria: State of Tyrol
  • Spain: Madrid
  • In the United States : states of California, Washington and New York

The costs of the test for the coronavirus are borne by the offices and health insurance funds in the event of suspected cases.

When will you be healthy again?

When you can call yourself healthy again has to do with the course of the disease. Anyone who is only in quarantine because of a positive test is considered healthy after 14 days from the onset of symptoms and two consecutive days without symptoms of the disease. However, the doctor should confirm the latter.

If the course is severe, the patient must be treated in the hospital. If the condition improves, the therapy can be continued on an outpatient basis. Otherwise, patients are only allowed to leave the hospital after two days without symptoms and two PCR tests 24 hours apart.

If the patients belong to risk groups, the medical recommendations may differ in individual cases.

Researchers assume immunity – Coronavirus facts

Based on initial studies in monkeys and patients, the scientists assume that immunity to the new corona virus will subsequently arise.

As a result, researchers can basically still detect viruses in stool. A possible spread is unlikely, but not excluded.

Are you immune after being infected with the coronavirus?

Probably. However, the researchers believe that people have developed antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 after surviving an infection. The first tests were able to detect antibodies in a recovered patient. Other researchers have brought macaques into contact with the pathogen again after an initial infection with the new corona virus. The macaques were immune.

Previous reports of possible re-infections, for example from Japan or Hong Kong, have so far not been confirmed. Rather, the reason for the report could be that the standard test can still detect viral residues even after the infection has passed – without humans being infectious or symptomatic.

In modeling studies, the scientists and specialists in infectious diseases at the Imperial College in London assume that immunity will persist for at least another season. The virus could then be mutated and the immune system must learn to deal with it again – just as it is necessary with influenza. The experimental evidence in humans is still pending.

How does the test work? – Coronavirus facts

Smears from the mouth, nose or throat contain the genetic material of the virus in infected people. Almost 50 laboratories in India examine these samples. The number could continue to rise. The viral genome is detected using a molecular test – the so-called polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR). The device reproduces the genetic material in several runs until it is detectable. If it is not detected after 35 cycles, the test is considered negative.

The test method is established and reliable, but care must be taken to do this. Errors in sampling or transportation can lead to incorrect results.

Not all are tested – Coronavirus facts

The doctors in the house practice, the clinic and specially set up test centers decide according to the guidelines of the Robert Koch Institute whether the test makes sense. For the symptoms, the person must either come from a risk area or have been in contact with a confirmed corona case in order to be considered a suspected case.

In the beginning, 12,000 tests were carried out per week in India;, but now the capacities have increased to more than 160,000 tests per week.

How many tests have already taken place, there is no official information available. Only the confirmed cases are reported to the Robert Koch Institute. However, the figures are available from other countries.

Article section: is there already a therapy?

Is there already a therapy? – Coronavirus facts

No. There is no therapy tailored and tested for Covid-19 yet. However, drugs are now being tested on corona patients that actually work against other viruses such as Ebola or HIV. According to the Robert Koch Institute, an effective means could soon be available.

Intensive research is also being carried out on a vaccine. The scientists do not have to start all over again: the SARS virus has already had its first developments. Only the vaccines did not finish developing – when the outbreak of the disease was stopped, the research ended.

The first clinical studies with new vaccine candidates started in China and the US in mid-March. However, experts estimate that it will take at least a year for a vaccine against the new virus to be developed and tested.

What helps? The classics – Coronavirus facts

What is recommended is what is recommended for similar symptoms: bed rest and sufficient fluids.

Reports of ibuprofen – Coronavirus facts

Chain letters with false reports have been circulating on social networks, including WhatsApp, for a few days now. The local source, the “University Hospital Vienna”, has reported this message as disinformation.

The World Health Organization has also withdrawn its interim, precautionary warning. The underlying theory establishes a connection between the effect as an ACE inhibitor and the course of the disease in Covid-19. So far, however, no scientific data are available.

Article section: Why do we have quite a few infected people, but comparatively few deaths?

Why do we have quite a few infected people, but comparatively few deaths?

A difference to Italy with its high number of deaths: the virus initially spread unnoticed there. People were only increasingly tested for the virus when the first deaths occurred – by then, however, many people had become infected. The chains of infection were no longer traceable . The result: the clinics are overloaded.

In India it was probably different: a lot was tested right from the start, many cases were discovered – and you still had the chance to find contact persons. However, the number of confirmed infections is correspondingly high .

Higher numbers of cases can be good and bad

This is an important aspect for the analysis of the number of cases: A higher number of officially confirmed infected people does not necessarily mean that a country is affected more – maybe it is simply simply tested better .

One thing is clear: the official case numbers are always only those that the authorities know. In fact, significantly more people will be affected. Mainly because the majority of those infected have very mild symptoms.

For the comparison between Italy and India, this means that the more people tested, the more likely these numbers will adjust over time. Assuming 0.8 percent of those who die in Italy would not result in around 31,000 cases, but more than 300,000 cases. 90 percent of all infections would have been undetected so far (as of March 18, 2020).

How do you prevent the virus from spreading further? – Coronavirus facts

The most drastic measure: sealing off entire countries. In Italy, individual villages were initially isolated, but now the whole country is a restricted area. Schools, universities and kindergartens are closed, people should stay at home – and only be on the go when absolutely necessary. Shops, restaurants and bars are also closed – only grocery stores and shops selling essentials are allowed to remain open. There are similar measures in other European countries such as Spain, France, Austria or Belgium.

This is done in India: – Coronavirus facts

India has now partially closed its borders. Indian returnees and commuters may continue to travel, and delivery traffic should not be restricted either. 

Public life is also increasingly restricted. Initially only major events such as trade fairs, concerts or soccer games were canceled, theaters, bars and clubs are now also closed in many federal states. Regional rail traffic is also severely restricted.

Few social contacts reduce the risk of spreading

All measures have one goal: Shut down social contacts as far as possible – one of the most efficient measures to slow down the pace of spreading and to prevent the uncontrolled spread of the virus.

This also means that schools throughout India are closed for the time being. Scientists were initially unsure whether school closures were a sensible measure. The problem: Since the parents of many children work in the health system, health care could be impaired because the parents have to take care of their children.

The number of infected people will continue to increase

According to the Robert Koch Institute, it is a serious and dynamic situation and has classified the local risk as high. The situation is reassessed several times a day. In addition to the strategy, it is still possible to detect individual infections as early as possible in order to slow the spread of the virus as much as possible – and thereby save time. Particularly vulnerable people should be protected and the capacities of the hospitals increased.

Avoid social contacts as much as possible

However, this is also about personal responsibility of the citizens. The less social contact there is, the lower the risk of infection and spread – whether at home or in the fresh air. The so-called “social distancing” is one of the most effective methods to prevent the spread of the viral pathogen by droplet infection. For this purpose, certain exit and contact restrictions were imposed in some municipalities, then in Bavaria nationwide and now nationwide .

In the meantime, schools and authorities in many regions have organized emergency care for children whose parents work in health professions or for public order offices, the police and the fire service.

Does the virus weaken in summer? – Coronavirus facts

SARS-CoV-2 is a new pathogen, but it shows certain commonalities above all with cold and flu viruses: They are respiratory infections that are passed on through direct contact with the sick or via droplet infection.

The transmission of water droplets in the air is also very likely the reason that flu waves subside in summer . Because: When sneezing and coughing, relatively large drops occur, in which viruses usually do not get very far. But not all experts are convinced of this.

However, when the air is very dry, for example in heated rooms in winter, the water evaporates very quickly. What remains are tiny droplets that can hover in the air for a long time as foci of infection. A study by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that at a humidity of 20 percent, infectious viruses remain in the room four to five hours after coughing.

Difficult to predict, infection rate could remain high

“Because of the similar infection pathways with flu and cold viruses, the infections caused by the corona virus may also decrease in the summer,” says Luka Cicin-Sain, virologist at the Helmholz Center for Infection Research.

At the same time, seasonal flu differs from SARS-CoV-2 in one important point. “The population still has no basic immunity to the new pathogen,” explains Cicin-Sain. This in turn increases the infection rate , in winter as in summer. “We have a fundamentally different scenario here than with influenza and can neither confirm nor rule out that the infections caused by the corona virus will subside in the summer months,” emphasizes the virologist.

That is why it is so important to limit the spread of the pathogen as much as possible and, for example, to cancel mass events.

What can I do personally? – Coronavirus facts

Since the flu season is going on at the same time, symptoms similar to those caused by the corona virus can occur: sudden fever, fatigue, dry cough, shortness of breath. So there is a risk that patients with “ordinary” influenza may mistakenly go to an isolated hospital because they are mistaken for coronavirus patients. In India there have already been a number of suspected coronavirus cases in which the cause turned out to be influenza viruses.

The most effective way to protect yourself and others is to keep your social contacts to a minimum . This breaks the chain of infection and prevents the transmission of particularly vulnerable risk groups.

For high-risk groups: vaccinate against seasonal flu

To avoid unnecessary suspected cases or even double infections, the WHO and the Robert Koch Institute recommend vaccinations against flu and whooping cough (pneumococci) . This applies above all to people from risk groups, i.e. people aged 60 and over, pregnant women from the second trimester, people with chronic diseases (such as cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases or diabetes) and residents of old people’s homes and nursing homes.

People in these high-risk groups have a significantly higher risk that the flu will be severe or even fatal because their immune systems can be more susceptible to infections.

The recommendations also apply to people with a high professional risk of infection – such as medical personnel.

It is imperative to observe the hygiene rules

Corona viruses can be passed on by droplet infection – by sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose. The viruses can also get onto surfaces, get into the mucous membranes by smear infection via the hands – and infect other people.

It is therefore important:

  • wash your hands regularly: at least 20 seconds with soap up to the wrist
  • sneeze or cough in the crook of the arm, not in the hand
  • don’t shake hands, instead give your elbows
  • Hold your face as little as possible, do not touch your mucous membranes on your face (mouth, eyes, nose)
  • Do not press the buttons in the elevator with your finger, rather with your ankle
  • ventilate well
  • avoid crowded rooms and crowds

Breathing masks? In one case only:

To avoid infecting others – if you already have symptoms. Healthy people, on the other hand, do not have good protection from most breathing masks. Because they become moist due to condensed breathing air, the barrier protection is removed after only 20 minutes. FFP3 masks offer quite good protection against this. The problem: breathing masks can suggest a false sense of security – so that the most important protective measures such as good hand washing are neglected.

What do I have to consider when contacting animals? – Coronavirus facts

So far, there is no evidence that pets such as dogs and cats can transmit the new corona virus, nor that the animals can contract Covid-19, such as pneumonia. This is the current status that both the World Health Organization and the American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) communicate.

Scientists are aware of two cases from Asia that are currently still being investigated, followed up and examined. Presumably, the death of a dog is not due to the owner who tested Covid 19 and his viruses, but to the age of the animal (17 years).

Pay attention to hygiene in quarantine and veterinary treatment

If you are currently in quarantine, you can no longer walk your dog. However, it is important that both the owner and relatives, friends or acquaintances continue to pay attention to the necessary hygiene measures to prevent a droplet infection.

A safe distance of two meters from fellow human beings should always be kept when other people pick up the animals to go for a walk. Finally, a human-to-human transmission is still possible in this situation.

Veterinarians may continue to treat pets or farm animals even with current exit restrictions. Animal owners should first clarify by telephone how this is best practiced.

Chinese authorities reported the first cases to the World Health Agency on December 31, 2019. By then the virus had already spread covertly and the number of infections had risen sharply.

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Corona virus 66 important questions and answers, FAQ, IN DETAILS

Corona virus 66 important questions

Corona virus 66 important questions: Coronavirus symptoms, protection for yourself and others – and much more. Our service with frequently asked questions about viruses, epidemics and how to deal with them.

The number of coronavirus cases in India is growing , in Europe it is even increasing. We have compiled the answers to the most important questions about the spread of the virus and give an overview of what you need to know and how you can protect yourself – in the event of a possible outbreak of coronavirus, but also against influenza, which is currently being avoided.

[All important updates of the day about the corona virus in the questions of the day. The most important news, reading recommendations and debates. ]

This ranges from the question of what a mouthguard brings, what symptoms can occur, what you can do in the event of illness , to the question of whether your pet is also at risk.

The most important tips on how everyone can effectively protect themselves in advance: Regular, thorough washing of hands with soap, if possible keeping more than 1.50 meters away from infected or possibly infected people, avoiding touching the mouth, nose and eyes with the hands. And: don’t panic! It is never helpful; On the other hand, being well informed and prepared.

Editor’s note: This article is updated regularly with new questions and answers.

1. What are corona viruses?– Corona virus 66 important questions

Corona viruses are comparatively large, round viruses that have an envelope. The viruses appear crown-like under the electron microscope (Latin: Corona). Researchers have described hundreds of types of coronavirus. They can cause very different diseases in mammals, birds and fish. If they reproduce, their genetic makeup can also change. This can mean that they can change from one species to another – and thus become dangerous for people even though they have only infected animals so far.

2. What are the symptoms of the disease?

The symptoms are similar to those of a cold, such as scratching of the throat and increased temperature, general malaise. Diarrhea sometimes occurs. Runny nose is comparatively rarely observed. With severe courses with massive virus multiplication in the lower respiratory tract shortness of breath occurs.

3. How is the corona virus transmitted?

As with other pathogens of diseases of the mouth, nose, throat and lungs, both smear infections and droplet infections are possible. Which way plays the bigger role is unclear.

4. What is a smear infection?- Corona virus 66 important questions

A smear infection occurs when contaminated people or surfaces are touched, for example, by hand and then touches this hand to the nose, mouth or eyes and in this way viruses are deposited there on mucous membranes.

5. What is a droplet infection?-Corona virus 66 important questions

A droplet infection is caused by mini-droplets expelled from the body when sneezing and coughing. However, transmissions are also conceivable when speaking.

6. Can you become infected with imported goods or packaging?

This possibility cannot be ruled out, but the risk is classified as very low. This is justified as follows: The viruses can, as far as is known, persist for some time on surfaces, but they are not particularly well equipped for this. In addition, the goods should have been contaminated with large quantities of pathogens, which would be anything but the rule even in epidemic areas.

7. What is the use of disinfecting packaging?

In the course of the generally increased hygiene, there is nothing to be said against wiping goods packaging with a damp cloth and with cleaning liquid. Disposing of the packaging safely immediately and then washing your hands thoroughly is also recommended.

8. What is the best way to protect yourself personally against a coronavirus infection?

Regularly washing your hands thoroughly with soap, if possible keeping more than 1.50 meters away from infected or possibly infected people, avoiding touching the mouth, nose and eyes with your hands are the most important and most effective precautions. There are also numerous other options that we have summarized here.

9. Which is better: disinfectant gel, spray and wipes? Or soap and water?

Thorough hand washing with normal soap virtually completely inactivates corona viruses. What “thorough” means can be found in the answer to question 10. Hand disinfectants may even be less effective than soap and water . They are useful when hygienic hand washing is not possible.

The disinfectant should contain at least 60 percent alcohol. Like the detergent substances in the soap, this damages the envelope of the virus and thus also removes its infectivity. In addition, it is difficult for some surfaces to clean them thoroughly with detergent substances, here too, disinfectant spray is an option. If no disinfectant is available, it is in most cases not a significant additional risk factor, since it is usually still possible to wash your hands or, until this is possible, to avoid mucous membranes (eyes, mouth, nose) with them to touch.

10. What does “thorough hand washing” mean?

Briefly a little soap and water, then quickly rinsed off: that’s not enough. You should do this:

  • Hold your hands under running water, the temperature doesn’t matter.
  • Soap thoroughly – it has to foam well – at least up to the wrist, do not forget the spaces between fingers, pay special attention to fingertips and nails.
  • Wash your hands this way for at least 20 seconds, which is about the time it takes for you to buzz the tune of Happy Birthday to yourself twice. And it is significantly more time than we normally spend washing our hands!
  • Rinse thoroughly, then do not use your hand to close the tap, but rather use your elbow or a paper towel or tissue.
  • Dry thoroughly and anywhere, with a disposable towel or at home with a personal towel not used by anyone else. Air dryers are less suitable. In public toilets, you should then make sure that you do not immediately touch the doorknob used by many people again, but also use your elbow or a tissue or the like.

11. Can I do something around the house to protect myself?

For example, towels should not be used together, even at home. When sharing meals, the dishes and cutlery should not be used together (special attention must be paid to children). Since it can hardly be avoided to share the ladle, for example, hands should also be washed after eating.

12. What should I watch out for in public transport?- Corona virus 66 important questions

In public transport and buildings, wearing gloves that should be washed and changed daily if possible reduces the risk.

  • It makes sense to open the windows if this is possible.
  • It makes sense to leave the doors permanently open at breakpoints for ventilation.
  • It is advisable to regularly disinfect handrails and other surfaces.

In Taiwan, for example, the country where the best way to stem the spread of the virus so far (see question 45), this happens at every stop.

13. What should I watch out for in the office?

Handles used by numerous people, such as doors, windows and kitchen drawers, but also taps or buttons in elevators, are potential sources of germs. This reduces the risk if you open and close them with gloves, or if possible with your elbows, shoulders, etc. If contact with the hand is unavoidable, you can go wash your hands immediately afterwards.

14. What should employers consider?- Corona virus 66 important questions

You not only have to allow employees, but instruct them to stay at home if they suspect they are infected and, if possible, work from there.

15. Is there an increased risk in swimming pools / saunas?

Due to their peculiarities, the swimming pool or the sauna itself are not places of increased risk of infection with the corona virus. High levels of humidity and heat even make at least other viruses less likely to transmit. In addition, sport and sauna are considered to stimulate the immune system, which could also help against the corona virus. The water in the swimming pool can contain practically no infectious concentrations of viruses.

Otherwise, what applies everywhere else, where people meet in a small space and touch objects one after the other:

Those who may be infected should avoid such areas completely to protect others. If you have to sneeze or cough, you should keep at a distance of at least two meters from others, and if possible give in to this urge in an exclusively used textile (towel), which is then safely packed or fed directly into the laundry.

16. Is there an increased risk in the gym?

The risk in gyms is probably no higher than in other contexts in which people are together in a confined space and touch objects one after the other. If you only start to feel sick, you shouldn’t go to the gym – for your own protection because the body then needs rest, but also to protect others. Handles should be cleaned after every user if possible. Dumbbells, for example, can also be gripped with the help of paper tissues if you want to be sure.

It has not yet been conclusively clarified whether infected people in the gym can risk being exposed to high levels of viruses due to increased respiratory rate. Unprotected coughing and sneezing are usually required. This should be avoided, for example by coughing and sneezing into the textile-covered elbow – but above all, see above, by not having to go to the gym for those who suffer from cough and runny nose.

17. Is the corona virus transferable by cash or by card?- Corona virus 66 important questions

In principle, it is possible for this virus to be passed on via banknotes or coins, but it is not considered to be a significant means of transmission. It is also conceivable to distribute or collect viruses when paying with a card, for example by entering the PIN. The usual instructions regarding hand hygiene apply.

18. Do mouth masks always protect against transmission?

Surgical masks (mouth-nose masks) significantly reduce the risk of transmission for the wearer if they are worn correctly, i.e. close-fitting, due to their filter properties in the presence of infected people, but not nearly completely.

But: Thanks to their filter properties, the masks massively reduce the risk of transmission for others if they are worn by infected people. They were originally designed for this. They are intended to protect patients from germs of nursing staff and doctors in the hospital, and especially in the operating room.

19. What else should I know about mouth mask protection?

Protection from the masks diminishes if they are worn for too long. He can even reverse the risk of infection. This also applies if they are not disposed of safely, i.e. people could come into contact with contaminated masks. Details on this below.

20. Is it advisable to wear a face mask?

Beyond the filter properties, the masks are indirectly considered to be extremely effective protection because they prevent the wearer from touching the nose and mouth with possibly contaminated hands. According to expert opinion, if you also avoid looking into your eyes, the risk of a smear infection drops to almost zero. Critics, on the other hand, warn that the masks could psychologically suggest an excessive level of protection and lead the wearer to neglect other important hygiene rules or to keep away.

A study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association in 2019 came to the conclusion that normal mouth-and-nose masks, when used by medical personnel, are as effective as the respirators that were previously considered to be significantly more effective (see question 23 ).

21. How long can I wear a protective mask, can I wash it if necessary?

Normal protective masks should be worn for a maximum of one day, and if possible only when you really need them, i.e. in the immediate vicinity of others and not when you bring garbage or jog or the like. Washing affects the effectiveness of the masks, but does not set them to zero. The same applies to spraying with disinfectant spray. FFP respirators (see below) can be used longer and more frequently.

22. How exactly do I dispose of protective masks?

The masks can be contaminated with pathogens, both outside and inside. You should be careful with them. Protective masks should be disposed of in normal household waste, either in a tied garbage bag or wrapped in kitchen paper. Then wash your hands thoroughly.

23. What is behind the terms FFP2 and FFP3 in mouthguards?

These are so-called  respirators  with the specification FFP2 or FFP3. They are respirators with filters and valves that offer somewhat better protection than conventional respirators. However, they must also be specially adapted to the face by hand to keep them as tight as possible.

24. How do I best protect others?– Corona virus 66 important questions

The so-called cough and sneeze label should be adhered to as best as possible: If you have to cough or sneeze, then keep a clear distance from others, if possible use a handkerchief or the textile-covered elbow to catch droplets.

Anyone who suffers from a respiratory infection should avoid crowds of people – and thus also public transport, the cinema, etc. Avoid coughing on the supermarket displays as well as dragging yourself paracetamol to a party or a meeting. One should refrain from shaking hands in greeting and other greeting and farewell rituals associated with close contact.

25. How long is the incubation period?– Corona virus 66 important questions

According to current assumptions, the time between transmission of the pathogen and the onset of the disease can be up to 14 days. However, two other aspects have to be mentioned here: On the one hand, there are at least a few indications that it can take longer in exceptional cases. In addition, the incubation period says nothing about how long people who are not at all noticeably ill or recognizable but are infected remain infectious. Experience with other pathogens suggests that such people can pass the virus on for long periods of time.

Corona virus 66 important questions
Corona virus 66 important questions and answers, FAQ, IN DETAILS

26. How many people have been infected, died or recovered worldwide so far?

Here the numbers change daily. This website is constantly updated with data. “Total confirmed” means: total confirmed cases. “Total deaths”: Total deaths. “Total recovered”: Total recovered. The numbers are fraught with uncertainty. For example, one has to assume that a large number of people who show or have no or slight symptoms are infected or were not included in these statistics because they have not been or have not been tested.

27. Could up to 70 percent of the world’s population really fall ill, as a Harvard researcher claims?

This is a statement by Marc Lipsitch, a really proven expert. However, he does not speak of illnesses, but of infections. Firstly, because there is still insufficient knowledge about the virus and, secondly, there is almost nowhere in the world experience with a pandemic in the current form and under the conditions of the 21st century.

In this respect: Yes, it could be that the virus infects large parts of the world population. But then probably not everyone would really “get sick”, and most of them not seriously. Nevertheless, the consequences would be serious and, even if the mortality rate was less than one percent, there would be many victims.

But it could also be that the virus loses virulence due to genetic changes and the situation calms down. As always in situations where there are obvious risks but many details are unclear, the following must apply: act as carefully, prudently and considerately as possible, but do not allow yourself to be infected by panic.

28. What is the term Sars-CoV-2?– Corona virus 66 important questions

The pathogen currently known as “the corona virus” is officially called Sars-CoV-2. It has most likely passed from animals to humans. As far as is known, this happened at a market in Wuhan, China, where live animals were sold. It is currently assumed that bats are the natural host and that the pathogen came into humans through another animal intermediate host.

29. What is the term Covid-19?– Corona virus 66 important questions

The disease that is caused by the Sars-CoV-2 virus is officially called Covid-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019).

30. How threatening is Covid-19?– Corona virus 66 important questions

It has been demonstrated – for example in two people who had been flown from Wuhan to India – that people can be infected and cope with the virus with almost no or no symptoms. Even people who show symptoms usually don’t get seriously ill. A small percentage, which still cannot be reliably determined, leads to serious progress.

These require intensive medical treatment, such as ventilation and hydration by “drip”. Antibiotics may also be necessary due to bacterial infections, which then occur more frequently due to the weakened immune system and the attacked lung tissue.

31. What is the difference between coronavirus and flu?

The symptoms are sometimes the same or similar, but severe flaking is not typical for Covid 19 diseases. The differences lie, among other things, in the molecular mechanism by which the viruses gain access to their host’s cells – and where they do so in the respiratory tract. Until now, it was thought that the new corona virus behaved similarly to the Sars virus in 2003 and primarily affected lung cells deep in the bronchi. In the meantime , however, researchers have found that Sars-CoV-2 is extremely abundant in the upper respiratory tract, even more than influenza viruses in the flu. This is because the Sars-CoV-2 virus can also ripen in the throat there, while the Sars virus from 2003 could not. 

32. Are there special risk groups?

The majority of coronavirus deaths are in older people with pre-existing conditions. In addition, the disease appears to be more dangerous for men than for women. However, the data situation is still not sufficient here. According to the Charité virologist Christian Drosten, the overall data suggest that children are seriously less seriously ill than adults and that pregnant women are not particularly at risk.

33. What is the situation like for children?

So far, as far as data are available, children have hardly been affected by any serious courses. However, they can potentially be effective carriers , among other things because of their stay in day care centers and schools, where they could become infected, and because of their not yet fully developed ability to take care of hygiene or even keep away from others. Children who may be infected should be isolated at home as much as possible. Since older people are particularly at risk, visits to grandma and grandpa and the like should be avoided if possible.

34. Are pregnant women and the children they carry out particularly at risk?- Corona virus 66 important questions

So far there is no evidence of this. However, this is possible. This is the case with other viruses, among other things because the mother’s immune system changes due to pregnancy. Pregnant women, like everyone else at the moment, should pay special attention to infection protection. You should do this very consciously and confidently towards others. And knowing that they should take all possible precautions and thus massively reduce the special risk, which is not proven, but only possibly existent, should they be stressed as little as possible by the circumstances. Partners must support the women in the best possible and most understanding way. 

35. I am young and my immune system seems to be working. Why should I be careful anyway?

This raises the question of solidarity with the weakest. If you do not become ill or only mildly ill, but spread the virus further, you can ultimately be to blame for serious illnesses of others and even deaths.

36. How does a coronavirus test work?

In order to detect coronaviruses, the doctor needs a smear from the throat or “sputum”, that is, expectoration deep from the lungs – the latter is not easy to get, so throat swabs are the rule. Until now it was thought that the viruses multiply especially in deeper regions of the respiratory tract, which is why one tried to stroke the mucous membrane as deeply as possible in the throat area with a cotton swab. In the meantime, this is no longer necessary, says virologist Christian Drosten, because according to the latest findings, the viruses also occur in “enormous quantities” in the upper throat area. It is therefore no longer necessary to “torture” the patient with deep throat swabs, in which gagging is more difficult to avoid.

37. What happens to the smear?

Once the smear has been taken, specialized laboratories are able to prove the presence of the virus based on its genetic material. However, there is no way of distinguishing whether these are actually infectious viruses or maybe just leftover genetic material after surviving infection. However, it is likely that the viruses are active.

For the actual detection it would actually be necessary to try to cultivate the viruses in cell cultures. This can only be done in exceptional cases. If the test is negative for an existing flu-like illness, it is highly likely that the symptoms will not be triggered by Sars-CoV-19.

38. Suspected infection – what should I do?

First of all, you should take precautions to protect others from possible transmission (see our detailed list of such possible arrangements and behaviors). This also includes avoiding going to the family doctor’s office if possible and staying in the middle of other waiting people. You can call the family doctor’s office and discuss the situation with a doctor or staff and get advice on how to proceed.

Some doctors make home visits and can also take a smear. You can also call the emergency room at the nearest hospital, especially if you have more severe symptoms

39. Can you become infected a second time?- Corona virus 66 important questions

There is at least evidence of this, for example, for a woman in Japan, but also for people in China. That would be like many other harmless corona viruses. It is still unclear how often this is to be expected and whether the disease will be more mild. The findings could also have been cases in which the disease simply had not yet healed and the virus had not completely disappeared. Anyone who has survived a Covid 19 disease is not immune to it afterwards, but should behave like everyone who has not yet developed it: cautiously.

40. Are there doctors or hospitals that are particularly well prepared for corona patients?

Patients with severe corona symptoms need to be isolated because of their infectivity and need intensive care because of their severe symptoms. This is basically possible in intensive care units in almost every general care hospital. Providing additional insulating beds or separating entire stations for this purpose is also conceivable.

41. What do I have to consider with pets?

So far there is no evidence or evidence that pets such as dogs or cats get or transmit Covid-19. Like so much in the context of this epidemic, this cannot be ruled out, but the normal hygiene, which should apply in any case when dealing with animals, is considered sufficient by experts.

On March 4, it was announced that the virus had been detected in a dog owned by a Hong Kong-born Covid-19 patient. The test results indicate that the dog carried relatively few viruses on its mucous membranes.

It is unclear whether the virus has reproduced appreciably there or has, as it were, accumulated as a contaminant only as a result of contact with the infected person and the surfaces touched or wetted with secretion. It is also unclear whether the dog could have passed the infectious virus on to humans. Experts consider this unlikely. The virus was also found in Sars in 2003 in pets. However, these never fell ill and transmission to humans has never been demonstrated.

42. Can the coronavirus be transmitted via faeces?- Corona virus 66 important questions

So far there is little data on this. What is certain is that virus material is excreted via the intestine. It is unclear whether these are reproductive pathogens or only due to digestive enzymes and the like already dismantled molecular scrap. However, a single recent study suggests that stool may be infectious.

At least one working group from the China-CDC health authority was able to detect under the electron microscope a virus isolated from a stool sample of a sick person that looked as if it was capable of reproduction. However, the actual evidence, which is only possible by growing viruses in cells under laboratory conditions, has not been provided.

Although viral genetics can be detected in stool samples from infected people, it was never used to infect cell cultures. That is “good news regarding hospital hygiene and infection control,” said Drosten. Nevertheless, it is still advisable to pay special attention to hygiene in the toilet.  

43. Is India prepared for a major outbreak?

“Best possible” is the answer that Health Minister has given several times. The best possible does not necessarily mean “very good”.

A Berlin official doctor recently spoke up, who in such a situation considers the authorities to be overwhelmed, above all because many of the official medical positions in Berlin are not filled. Some experts also question whether the current practice , which is regarded as criteria for a possible infection and a test, is sufficient.

The federal system also complicates the coordination and merging of data. In a research by the , for example, it was not possible, despite numerous inquiries, to get specific and comprehensive information on the number of isolation beds available in India in an emergency and the availability of additional medical staff required. Demography could also be a factor, as there are comparatively many older people with existing illnesses in India who are considered the main risk group for life-threatening courses.

44. Is China a role model for India when dealing with the corona virus?

Draconian and possibly effective measures like in China are hardly imaginable in India . Basically, however, is well positioned in terms of medical care and capacity in hospitals. Civil protection organizations would also be able to create additional accommodation capacity for the sick in an emergency. There have also been large-scale, cross-border exercises to simulate a pandemic.  

45. Where has the best way to contain the disease and spread the virus so far, and how?

Taiwan was actually the country that should have been hit hardest after China. Nevertheless, as of March 10, there are only 47 cases. The reason is that the authorities there implemented very consistent and long-term measures very early on and informed and sensitized the population at an early stage.

46. ​​How is Covid-19 different from Sars?

Although the pathogens of Sars and Covid-19 are similar, they apparently differ in some relevant properties. Not everything is scientifically understood here. Sars-CoV-2 may be more infectious – more virulent – than Sars. It has recently become clear that there are many more viruses in the upper throat than in Sars, even more than in influenza. This contributes to a higher risk of infection. And a decisive role could play that unlike SARS, the virus appears to show by people who have no or only very mild symptoms and feel, be transferred can.

This is also related to the viral load in the upper throat: The pathogens can multiply in this area without the person having to feel particularly sick. In Sars, the virus multiplication took place primarily in deep lung areas. The immune system is much more active there, and those affected therefore felt really sick, were diagnosed more quickly and could be isolated.

47. Why hasn’t Covid-19 been contained yet?

The above-mentioned properties of Covid-19 make it almost impossible to contain the disease in the way that Sars has managed, namely by isolating the sick. Still, this strategy plays an important role in containing outbreaks. In Wuhan, for example, the apparently declining number of new infections is also attributed to this.

48. Why do you try to curb the spread at all?- Corona virus 66 important questions

Curbing the spread of the virus makes sense:

  • because infected people can die.
  • because long-term long-term consequences may threaten after severe, survived illnesses. At least these are reported in Sars, also a coronavirus with very similar symptoms. One speaks here of the “Post-Sars syndrome”. It can lead to complete incapacity to work. Among other things, the death of bone tissue, severe scarring in the lungs and post-traumatic stress are documented.
  • because in this way massive economic and social consequences due to school closings, absence from work, production downtimes etc. can be minimized.
  • because it prevents the health system from being overloaded. It is therefore more likely that for those who get sick, care can be guaranteed, for example by respirator, but also with sufficient care by staff.

49. Can you cordon off a city like Berlin? And what does that bring?

The discussion is complex. The logistics of such an action alone would be extremely complicated, the personnel and material costs immense, and the legality would then be the subject of the judicial decisions required in a quick procedure. The legal basis is primarily the Infection Protection Act .

Studies show that barriers, border closings and the like are only partially effective and can be counterproductive. It is problematic, for example, that this also creates a climate that can cause individuals to deal with symptoms in a secret manner, which cannot be wanted at all. In addition, it can be assumed that many people will still try to get out of the city if they are locked or pending

For this reason, Wuhan apparently left thousands of people shortly before the closure. All of this can lead to general chaos, but also to the fact that symptoms that are actually necessary are not clarified. In this way, the virus can spread and patients can withhold the necessary treatment. In a free country, when it comes to avoiding new infections, a lot will depend on the responsible and responsible behavior of individual citizens, institutions and companies.

 50. What do lethality, mortality and virulence mean?

Lethality is the rate of death based on the total number of sufferers or based on the total number of infected. The term ” case fatality rate ” (CFR) is also used here. How high this is with this virus is still unclear. In a WHO press conference, Bruce Aylward, chairman of a joint mission to investigate the situation in China, reported a CFR of between two and four percent for Hubei Province and 0.7 percent for regions outside of Hubei. However, if many infections remain undetected due to missing or only mild symptoms, it could also be significantly lower.

Unlike mortality or CFR, mortality is simply the general death rate within the population or a group of people, regardless of specific factors such as illnesses and infections. This means that, for example, a virus with high lethality also increases mortality, while a vaccine that suddenly becomes available could then reduce mortality again.

Virulence is the extent of pathogenicity, i.e. the pathogenic potential of a pathogen. The higher the virulence of a pathogen, the higher the mortality in humans is usually, but not necessarily. In other definitions, virulence is also used as an extent of infectivity regardless of the severity of the resulting disease.

51. Can we predict when the epidemic will be over?

No. Even in China, where the number of new cases is declining, it is not certain that an end will soon be expected. If, for example, the restrictive governmental measures are relaxed, which will be necessary at some point, new infections and deaths could increase again. Forecasts are currently impossible for Europe and India.

However, experts assume that the number of cases will initially increase. Whether the epidemic can at least be contained to some extent will depend on many factors. This includes whether large sections of the population follow the advice on infection prevention or not, how effective it will be to close community, entertainment and sports facilities and shops. Whether travel restrictions and border controls lead to the desired success and how early it is possible on average to isolate infectious people.

Mutations of the pathogen can also play a role – also in a desirable way. There are always examples that the end of an epidemic is clearly linked to a reduced virulence of the pathogen. Factors such as weather and season also play a role in many pathogens, such as seasonal flu. To what extent this will be important for this corona virus is still unknown.

52. Is the corona virus pushed back as it warms up?

That is possible. It is unknown whether Covid-19 behaves seasonally similar to influenza or milder colds, whose transmission and disease rates are lower in warm months. However, there is reason to believe that there could be at least some relief in this direction. On the one hand, the tendency for people to stay close together in rooms that are not or poorly ventilated decreases in the warmer seasons. This can contribute to less frequent transmission.

There is also a little known factor. The expert on the spread of infectious diseases, Elizabeth McGraw from Pennsylvania State University, points to him: coughed or sneezed mini droplets sink faster to the ground in warmer, wetter summer air for purely physical reasons – and thus from the area in which they are inhaled than at low temperatures and lower air humidity. The increased UV radiation can also help in summer to destroy virus particles on surfaces outside, for example.

53. Will the corona virus come back next fall / winter?

That is also conceivable. The mechanisms discussed in question 52 naturally apply in reverse, which in turn could lead to increased transmission burrs. However, as has often been mentioned, it is a pathogen that is completely new to humans and has only been known for a few months. Therefore there is no corresponding experience.

Corona virus 66 important questions
Will the corona virus come back next fall / winter

54. When can you expect a vaccine?

Various vaccine options are currently being worked on, and intensively. Even the first human tests are expected to begin shortly. From some sources it is announced that immunization could be ready within months. Serious experts assume, however, that even if everything goes smoothly and there are no (not unlikely) scientific hurdles in the way, vaccination that is accessible to large population groups will not be available until the summer of 2021 at the earliest. But it could also take longer.

55. If I show flu symptoms but have a flu shot, can I expect to have Covid-19?

No. It is generally the case that a flu vaccination only protects against the flu pathogens that a panel of experts had identified months before as the mainly problematic virus types of the coming season. Otherwise, the huge amounts of vaccine serum that are necessary could not be produced using the methods currently used.

However, there are always other variants, against which vaccination does not protect or does not protect properly. In addition, the immune system may not have responded adequately to vaccination. So it is possible to get flu despite the flu shot. It is also possible that “flu symptoms” occur that are caused by another respiratory virus, ie neither the new corona virus nor an influenza virus. It is also possible that symptoms are triggered by bacterial pathogens.

56. What are viruses anyway?- Corona virus 66 important questions

Viruses are tiny structures that contain genetic material (DNA or RNA) but are not considered to be independent living organisms. They can only multiply in other cells and use their metabolism for this. Host organisms can be bacteria, but also archaebacteria, fungi and other nucleated unicellular and multicellular organisms – from slipper animals and plants to humans. Viruses were discovered at the end of the 19th century. The first was one that affected tobacco plants: the tobacco mosaic virus, which is still very important in research today.

57. Why do viruses trigger diseases?- Corona virus 66 important questions

Infection with a virus can be unproblematic for the infected organism, but it can also be threatening. This is how people catch a lot of different viruses in the course of their lives. Even if the immune system does not immediately neutralize them, many have little or no effect. Others, like the rabies virus, are fatal in almost 100 percent of cases. One hypothesis why some viruses make you very sick is that this is in the interest of the virus because it makes it easier for it to spread – for example, by coughing. This contradicts that very similar viruses behave very differently here.

In order for a virus to spread, it has to destroy its host cell, and many destroyed cells mean inflammation and usually also increased “poison” concentrations, triggered among other things by the dying tissue, which leads to symptoms of illness.

In fact, a so-called evolutionary strategy of viruses seems to be to find a balance between damage to the organism and protection of the organism. Because an immediately dying host is not a good vehicle for retransmission. Too little cell destruction and thus the release of viruses is an equally limiting factor.

This could also be a reason why new viruses that have jumped from animals to humans can be very dangerous. Because such a balance only has to develop over long evolutionary periods. 

58. What supplies should I have at home?

Hamster purchases usually do not help the hamsters, but only those who make money selling them. And they harm those who then stand in front of empty shelves. Not buying everything empty is also a form of solidarity in crisis situations affecting the community.

It is a good idea to keep food that is long-lasting or perishable for a few days. What everyone stocks depends on personal preferences, intolerance, wallet, etc. Think of pasta, rice, eggs, canned goods, nuts, chocolate, cooking oil, long-lasting bread such as crackers, etc. You should get regular medication and a few rolls of toilet paper.

There is no need to store water, because the fact that public life will collapse completely and not even the water pipes bring clean water into the house is not to be expected even in more serious scenarios. In addition, it is possible for most people to bring their neighbors with them in a quarantine case and have them handed over to them without risk, or to order them from the delivery services of the supermarket and drugstore chains.

59. Can I still book a package tour now?- Corona virus 66 important questions

According to the Federal Foreign Office’s worldwide travel warning, package travelers can now cancel all package tours free of charge. “It is now officially declared as a travel warning and not just a note,” said Berlin travel lawyer Roosbeh Karimi told India. In the morning, the Federal Foreign Office had expressly warned against unnecessary tourist trips abroad.

“You have to reckon with increasing drastic restrictions in travel, with quarantine measures and restrictions in public life,” says the travel warning. “The risk that you will no longer be able to start your return journey due to the increasing restrictions is currently high in many destinations.”

Many tour operators, including Tui, FTI and Alltours, had already canceled all package tours until March 27 and March 31, respectively, and promised customers a free cancellation. After the official travel warning, the goodwill has now become a legal obligation that affects all providers.

The travel industry is asking the federal government to compensate the commissions for travel agencies and also the cancellation costs for tour operators as part of a grant. “The travel industry cannot handle the cancellation of booked trips that are either already fully paid or at least paid for,” said association spokesman Torsten Schäfer.

“We have to keep the liquidity in the companies. Otherwise nobody wins – neither the travel industry nor the consumers.” Another way would be to hand out a credit to the affected guests who are currently unable to start their journey. With this you could book your vacation again as soon as the situation normalizes again.

Klaus Müller, head of the Federal Association of Consumer Centers, urged consumers to use the option of vouchers in order to maintain liquidity for the travel company. However, the vouchers would then have to be protected by the state with insolvency protection, the consumer advocate demanded. “Consumers must be free to decide whether the travel price should be reimbursed or whether they accept the offer of a voucher that is valid for at least one year and that they can use flexibly.”

60. What if I have booked on my own?

In these cases you run the risk of being left at your own expense. “An individual traveler cannot cancel or rebook free of charge even if their travel destination is directly affected by the corona virus,” warns Berlin travel lawyer Roosbeh Karimi.

61. How do I know whether I have booked a package tour or not?

Unfortunately, sometimes that’s not so easy. It is a clear case when I book two travel services with a package tour operator, such as flight and hotel with Tui, FTI, The Tour or Schauinsland, and get a total price. On the other hand, if I book two different travel services from different providers independently of one another, it should never be a package tour.

One has to look at the exact booking documents, the Berlin travel lawyer Roosbeh Karimi points out: Should the services be provided on one’s own responsibility or should the services only be mediated? An indication could be whether there is a total price for all travel services or separate prices for individual services. With Expedia, for example, the latter is always the case and the general terms and conditions also clarify that travel services are only ever arranged.

62. What if an airline cancels my flight?- Corona virus 66 important questions

The corona virus has blocked many people’s desire to fly. The airlines are responding with increased cancellations. The question is whether passengers are entitled to compensation in such cases.

According to the EU Passenger Rights Regulation, this is possible if the cancellation is made at short notice – i.e. a maximum of 14 days before departure – and the airlines cannot rely on exceptional circumstances.

In the opinion of the Federal Association of the Indian Aviation Industry, the epidemic is a case of force majeure, so that the airlines only have to reimburse the ticket price or rebook the customer, but do not have to pay any compensation. Consumer advocates see it differently. They accuse the airlines of wanting to pass on their business risks to customers. Ultimately, this question will be decided in court.

Some airlines meet their customers and offer flexible rebooking options in view of the epidemic. Passengers of the Lufthansa Group (Lufthansa, Swiss, Austrian Airlines, Brussels Airlines and Air Dolomiti) can book flights that they book from now until March 31 of this year once to a new date by the end of the year without incurring rebooking fees .

The same applies to existing bookings made by March 5 and with a departure date in March or April. Here, too, you can postpone the trip free of charge.

For both offers, however, the arrival and departure airports must remain the same. Lufthansa is suffering extremely from passenger restraint and has announced that it will temporarily cut half of its offer. Emirates also offers customers the opportunity to rebook flight bookings made between March 5 and March 31 free of charge within a period of eleven months.

With KLM, bookings up to March 31 with flights up to May 31 of this year can be changed free of charge. Those who prefer to travel after May 31 or change their travel destination can also exchange the ticket for a voucher. This can be redeemed for tickets from KLM, Air France or Delta Air Lines and can also be used for additional options on KLM flights.

The situation is different when airlines are no longer able to fly to countries because the states have imposed entry bans or restrictions on EU citizens. This applies, for example, to trips to the USA.

The Flightright Internet portal recommends that passengers wait until the airline officially cancels the flight and does not do so on its own initiative. This ensures that the airline reimburses the ticket price. However, there is no further compensation in this case.

63. Should I take out insurance?- Corona virus 66 important questions

A travel health insurance abroad always makes sense and belongs in your luggage. It covers the costs of medical treatment at the holiday location and, if necessary, also pays for home transportation. If, on the other hand, it is a matter of saving cancellation costs, travel cancellation or cancellation insurance is an option. However, this only steps in if, for personal reasons, you cannot start the trip or have to end it prematurely. Common cases are serious illnesses, domestic disasters such as a house fire or a new job. Fear of infection is not considered a reason for resignation. 

64. I wanted to go to a concert. This is canceled because of the virus. Do I get my money back?

Yes, even if something is different in the general terms and conditions of many organizers. Such clauses, which should oblige the customer to pay even in the event of force majeure, even though they receive no consideration, are ineffective, says Oliver Buttler from the Baden-Württemberg Consumer Center.

In his opinion, this also applies to ghost games in the Bundesliga. “The clubs save the costs for files and cleaning staff, then they have to reimburse the ticket costs to the fans,” says the consumer advocate.

The situation is different with further costs, for example for the hotel or the arrival and departure, when you arrive for an event. “You won’t get these expenses back,” warns Julia Rehberg from the Hamburg Consumer Center.

Luckily, rail travelers are lucky: If they currently do not want to travel, they can exchange their booked tickets for a travel voucher free of charge. This also applies to saver and super saver tickets.

This is possible for all tickets for trips up to April 30th. The exchange begins on March 16 and runs through the railway outlets and customer service channels. If you want, you can also postpone your trip. For super-saver and saver fare tickets, the train is canceled, this offer is valid until June 30th of this year.

65. What if the event takes place and I cannot or may not attend?- Corona virus 66 important questions

It depends on why you are not participating. If you let your ticket expire out of fear of infection, you will be left at the expense.

If, on the other hand, you are not infected and you could have gone to the concert without the quarantine, you can bill the state for your ticket and possible additional costs as part of a state liability claim. That also applies to possible additional costs for a hotel or travel, says Buttler.

66. Where can I find current information about the corona virus?

  • You will also be informed about current political and economic developments in the live ticker of the worldofscriptz.

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Benefits of eating raw Turmeric, 6 reasons, The secret of turmeric

Benefits of eating raw Turmeric

Benefits of eating raw Turmeric: We know turmeric from Indian curry mixtures and like to use the spice for cooking. Turmeric is not only delicious, it also has some health-promoting properties. We explains why turmeric is so healthy and what the tuber has healing properties.

What is turmeric? – Benefits of eating raw Turmeric

Turmeric comes from South Asia and has been used as a spice and remedy in India for several thousand years. The yellow root belongs to the ginger family, but does not taste as hot as ginger, but rather mildly spicy and slightly bitter.

Turmeric contains various essential oils and the polyphenol curcumin . Both ingredients contribute significantly to the health-promoting and healing effects of turmeric. Curcumin, for example, has an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect – and is said to alleviate pain in osteoarthritis. 

Turmeric as a powder (e.g. here at Amazon *) or in the form of capsules as a micellar turmeric (e.g. from piperine), which increases the biocompatibility. Turmeric gives most Indian curry blends their yellow color. The spice is suitable for dyeing and seasoning rice dishes, ragouts or chicken, for example. The root also tastes great in smoothies or as a turmeric latte .

Benefits of eating raw Turmeric
Benefits of eating raw Turmeric, 6 reasons, The secret of turmeric
NOTICE! Turmeric belongs to the ginger family and tastes mildly spicy and slightly bitter. The root contains essential oils and the active ingredient curcumin, which contribute significantly to the fact that turmeric is so healthy.

1. Turmeric has an anti-inflammatory effect

Acute, short-term inflammation helps the body to repair damage and protects against dangerous bacteria. However, if inflammation becomes chronic, it can harm the body. Studies show that chronic inflammation can promote or cause diseases such as metabolic syndrome, cancer , Alzheimer’s or heart disease.

The curcumin contained in turmeric has a strong anti-inflammatory effect and is therefore used to prevent and treat diseases. Some studies even compare curcumin’s potency with anti-inflammatory drugs.

Pure turmeric powder contains only three percent curcumin. In order to achieve optimal health-promoting and medical effects, it makes sense to use curcumin extract. Curcumin extract is available either on the Internet or in the health food store. The absorption of curcumin in the bloodstream is improved by the combination with black pepper.

NOTICE! Curcumin has a strong anti-inflammatory effect and is therefore used to prevent and treat diseases such as the metabolic syndrome or cancer.

2. Turmeric has an antioxidant effect

Oxidative damage is caused by free radicals , which are highly reactive molecules with unpaired electrons. Free radicals react with organic substances such as fatty acids, proteins or DNA and can cause illnesses and accelerate aging processes. Antioxidants protect the body from free radicals.

Curcumin is not only anti-inflammatory, but also has a strong antioxidant effect. Due to its chemical structure, curcuminoids can neutralize free radicals and thereby render them harmless. In addition, curcumin also promotes the activity of the body’s own antioxidants. This is how free radicals are combated particularly effectively.

NOTICE! Curcumin has a strong antioxidant effect. The active ingredient in turmeric can neutralize free radicals and promotes the activity of the body's own antioxidants.

3. Turmeric lowers the risk of brain disease

Nerve cells are able to re-network with each other. In some regions of the brain , nerve cells can even multiply. The decisive factor for this increase is the growth factor BDNF (brain-derived neutrotrophic factor), the so-called neurotrophic factor. BDNF is a type of growth hormone that is active in the brain. Some brain dysfunctions, such as depression or Alzheimer’s disease , have been linked in scientific studies to decreased levels of Bdnf.

Studies show that curcumin contained in curcuma increases the concentration of the growth factor BDNF. For example, curcumin is effective in delaying or even averting brain diseases and age-related restrictions in brain function.

In Alzheimer’s disease, indissoluble plaques form between the neurons in the brain. Current research shows that curcumin helps to influence the composition of the plaques and could therefore be used to treat Alzheimer’s.

The nutrition expert Professor Dr. Heiner Greten explains what plaque is and how existing deposits can be influenced: “Plaque consists of different substances: soft – the fats – and hard, the lime. An already calcified plaque can no longer be broken down. It rests like an iceberg in It is not possible to remove or at least reduce it, but it is possible to influence its composition: ‘Plaque’ that is as hard as possible and does not break open is desirable – because a soft plaque that breaks open can lead to a blood clot. “

However, further studies of the effects of curcuminoid in the brain are necessary to scientifically confirm the curative effects in Alzheimer’s.

NOTICE! Curcumin strengthens the concentration of the growth factor BDNF in the brain. This promotes the multiplication of nerve cells and reduces diseases and impairments of the brain.

4. Turmeric reduces the risk of heart disease

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Heart diseases are very complex and are influenced by many different factors. It has been shown that polyphenol curcumin, due to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-thrombotic and cardiovascular effects, can lower the risk of heart disease (and cholesterol levels).

Turmeric flowers
Turmeric flowers

Curcumin also strengthens the functionality of the endothelium on the heart. The endothelium is a vessel coating that regulates the exchange of substances between the blood and the vessels. Decreased endothelial function affects regulation of blood pressure and blood clotting and is a major cause of heart disease. Due to its endothelial strengthening effect, the curcumin contained in turmeric reduces the risk of heart disease.

NOTICE! Curcumin has a positive effect on heart health. The polyphenol has an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and strengthens the functionality of the endothelium.

5. Turmeric to protect against cancer

Research is currently being carried out into the extent to which turmeric can be used effectively to prevent and treat cancer . The curcumin contained in turmeric can influence the formation, growth and spread of cancer cells.

Studies show that curcumin can inhibit the growth of blood vessels and metastases and contribute to the death of cancer cells.

Some animal laboratory studies show that curcumin inhibits the development of cancer cells. Even if the studies to date are promising, further research is necessary to ensure the effectiveness and medical applicability of curcumin against cancer.

NOTICE! Curcumin is able to influence changes at the molecular level. It is possible that curcumin with this ability can also protect against cancer or even be used to treat cancer.

6. Turmeric soothes the stomach

Specially the polyphenol curcumin it contains, helps with indigestion and soothes the stomach . Turmeric promotes fat digestion in the stomach and intestines and thereby prevents feeling of fullness and bloating after eating high-fat food. The effectiveness of turmeric in treating inflammation of the digestive system has been scientifically confirmed.

NOTICE!  has been scientifically proven that turmeric helps with indigestion and soothes the stomach.

Knowledge to take away! – Benefits of eating raw Turmeric

Turmeric belongs to the ginger family and tastes mildly spicy and slightly bitter. The root contains essential oils and the active ingredient curcumin, which make turmeric so healthy. Curcumin has a strong anti-inflammatory effect and is therefore used to prevent and treat diseases such as the metabolic syndrome or cancer.

Curcumin also has a strong antioxidant effect. The active ingredient in turmeric can neutralize free radicals and promotes the activity of the body’s own antioxidants.

Fresh or powdered turmeric? – Benefits of eating raw Turmeric

Turmeric powder is obtained after boiling and drying the rhizome of the plant. You can find them very easily today in all the spice departments of supermarkets and in organic stores.

Fresh turmeric is considered to be more aromatic, with a more subtle taste than that in powder. It easily accompanies your savory and sweet dishes.

Turmeric or curcumin strengthens the concentration of the growth factor BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) in the brain. This promotes the multiplication of nerve cells and reduces diseases and impairments of the brain.

How to consume fresh turmeric – Benefits of eating raw Turmeric

Choose it well

It is important to check the skin quality of the turmeric rhizome and must be intact.

It is used like fresh ginger: you will have to peel, grate or mix it depending on what you want to prepare. Warning: handling turmeric requires gloves because it stains the fingers, and the yellow color is difficult to leave!

It is advisable to consume fresh organic turmeric . It is possible to order them online or to go directly to shops like Biocoop. Asian grocery stores (Indian, Chinese) often have them. They are also found in hypermarkets, randomly. Check with your favorite stores.

Storage of fresh turmeric – Benefits of eating raw Turmeric

It should be stored in an airtight container and away from heat , light and moisture.

If you want to keep your turmeric in the freezer , you must pack it in an airtight bag and wrap it in several layers of aluminum foil.

Finally, for storage in the refrigerator place the rhizomes in a perforated plastic bag and it can remain there for several weeks .

Some simple cooking recipes with fresh turmeric – Benefits of eating raw Turmeric

Curry paste

Turmeric is one of the main ingredients that make up homemade curries. To make this curry paste recipe, take hot peppers, ginger, onions, curry, garlic and finally, fresh turmeric .

Depending on the taste, sugar, soy sauce, sesame oil, basil or even concentrated tomato juice should also be incorporated into the recipe.

For this preparation, cut the chilli lengthwise and remove the seeds. Then cut the onions and grate the ginger and the turmeric. After chopping the garlicwe mix the whole .

Finally, the rest of the food should be included in the preparation for a final mix. The curry paste is ready to savor.

Benefits of eating raw Turmeric
Fresh turmeric teaBenefits of eating raw Turmeric

Fresh turmeric tea – Benefits of eating raw Turmeric

With anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, infusions based on fresh turmeric rhizomes are a treat for the body.

The ingredients to make a delicious turmeric infusion:

  • Some seeds of crushed peppers : pepper helps to better fix curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric
  • Sliced ​​lemongrass : herb known for its bactericidal properties and its benefits on the digestive system
  • A few ginger rings : one no longer recalls the benefits of this powerful anti-inflammatory and diuretic
  • 3 slices of fresh turmeric , peeled or minced according to preference

After 5 minutes of infusion, the drink can be enjoyed. It is a very spicy mixture, it can be softened by adding honey and adjusting the dosages.

Discovering Golden Milk, or Golden Latte

Golden milk is an Ayurvedic drink consumed since time immemorial in India. Also called golden latte , it has a supporting action for the joints, it is an excellent drainer for the liver, and it soothes the nervous system.

The main ingredients of this milk are fresh turmeric, coconut milk and pepper . As a reminder, the latter, thanks to the piperine it contains, makes it possible to fix the curcumin of turmeric in our body.

You can also add ginger, or agave syrup, honey, cinnamon…

What does turmeric do to the skin?

Turmeric really makes the skin beautiful is part of the traditional knowledge of old dynasties. The turmeric is so much more than just a spice or kitchen aid. Because it is amazing what the ingredients of turmeric can do on the skin surface. Because there are now a whole range of scientific beauty arguments that speak for an application. First there is the effect as a natural antioxidant, which slows down aging processes and counteracts the formation of wrinkles. Internally, turmeric boosts fat metabolism by suppressing the growth of certain fat cells that are responsible for being overweight, but also for increased fat deposition in the connective tissue under the skin. Skin health is always dependent on the collagen content,

This also has a positive effect on hair and nails in their healthy growth. When turmeric is taken orally as a dietary supplement, strengthening the liver function also speeds up detoxification processes. This effect also ensures a younger complexion through increased slag breakdown. Last but not least, turmeric has been shown to have an effect on the chromosomes, more precisely on the end areas of the chromosomes, which are also called telomeres and have a strong influence on early skin aging. Turmeric activates a special enzyme, the so-called telomerase and therefore ensures that the telomeres can regenerate many times more than would be the case under normal circumstances. Therefore, turmeric can rightly be called a super skin anti-aging natural remedy.

Make your own turmeric face masks:

Of course, there are ready-made face masks with turmeric extract available on the market, but with only a few ingredients that are available in practically every household, highly effective turmeric face masks can also be produced by yourself.

To benefit from an additional peeling effect, it is sufficient:

  • four tablespoons of turmeric
  • half a cup of whole milk
  • three tablespoons of honey
  • half a cup of oatmeal

to a homogeneous mass. The additional, gentle peeling effect is caused by the added oat flakes in this tried and tested recipe.

This proven face mask is well suited for all skin types and also for skin subunits. To enhance an anti-inflammatory effect on skin subunits, powdered gelatin is  used instead of oatmeal  . A teaspoon of chamomile flowers can also be   added if the facial skin is prone to redness or is particularly sensitive.

In  addition to turmeric, a ripe, half banana  and  two tablespoons of organic natural yoghurt are  added to create a  moisture mask  . All turmeric face masks should not be applied too thickly and should be removed with lukewarm water after about 30-45 minutes of exposure.

Curcumin also has a positive effect on heart health, as it has an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect and strengthens the functionality of the endothelium. It has been scientifically proven that turmeric helps with indigestion and soothes the stomach.

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