Toothache is an unpleasant matter. Usually the pain comes in a completely inappropriate moment. However, if an appointment with the dentist is not possible immediately, there are some home remedies for toothache that can alleviate the discomfort. Find out here what are the main causes and which best home remedies for toothache help against the pain.
Toothache: The 7 Most Common Causes of tooth pain
Tooth decay – pain caused by a hole in the tooth
How does tooth decay develop? Caries is also often referred to as a widespread disease and unfortunately already occurs in small children. The cause of tooth decay is inadequate oral hygiene and poor nutrition. Even those who clean regularly can suffer from tooth decay sooner or later.
This disease often develops between the teeth and is associated with sudden toothache. If the spaces between the teeth are not cleaned thoroughly, most of the plaque will stick there. Bacteria are found in these deposits, which convert sugar to generate energy. During this chemical process, the sugar is converted into an acid, which in turn attacks healthy tooth enamel.
Pro-phylaxis : Regular tooth brushing can slow down the process, but often not stop it completely. For this reason, cleaning the spaces between the teeth is just as important as cleaning the chewing surfaces and the front and back of the teeth. You also need to know that there are certain foods that are particularly harmful to teeth. Sugary foods are harmful to tooth enamel if they are consumed regularly and extensively. To protect the enamel, they should preferably resort to dairy products, meat and vegetables. Confectionery is better considered an exception.
Treatment: Depending on how advanced the caries is, the treatment is correspondingly extensive. First of all, the infected tooth must be freed from dirt that is caused by leftover food. Then the tooth is drilled open (caries removal) so that a filling or inlays can then be placed.
Good to know: did you know that men are more likely to develop tooth decay? The male sex has a 65 percent higher probability of getting a “hole in the tooth” than women. This is mainly due to the composition of the saliva, the hardness of the teeth and taste preferences.
Root inflammation – if the tooth decay is not treated
What is root inflammation? This is a deep inflammation of the tooth, which is mostly caused by tooth decay. The caries has continued into the nerve area of the tooth. This allows the caries infection to spread further through the pulp to the tip of the root, which anchors the tooth in the jawbone. This usually leads to the death of the tooth nerve and sudden toothache.
Treatment : Quick action is required to avoid more massive damage. First of all, you can relieve this toothache by cooling. In order to protect the tooth from extraction, the so-called pulp is usually completely removed during a root canal treatment, as the tooth can no longer heal on its own. The exposure of the root canal is important in order to be able to completely remove the tooth root inflammation. In order to be able to insert a filling in the root, the tooth is usually reworked and prepared.
Toothache can be very stressful. Especially if they last for a long time. For this reason, it is very important to maintain the necessary dental care and oral hygiene.
Toothache from exposed tooth necks
Symptoms: Exposed tooth necks are often the cause of toothache and are usually noticeable when cold, hot or sweet is eaten. Often there is talk of pain-sensitive teeth, which in technical terms is referred to as dentin hypersensitivity. A dragging pain flashes through you like lightning. This is due to the receding of the gums, which means that the necks of the teeth are exposed and thus the fine channels to the tooth nerve. If cold or hot food hits such an exposed channel, then the stimulus is passed on immediately and unfiltered and you experience this lightning-like pain.
Prophylaxis : The best remedy for teeth sensitive to pain is prevention. With the right cleaning technique, this risk can be minimized.
Treatment : During the treatment, the teeth are often sealed with a strengthening fluoride varnish. In addition, the dentist applies liquid plastic to the neck of the tooth, which closes the fine dentinal tubules. It is also recommended to use a special toothpaste that was specially developed for teeth that are sensitive to pain.
Pain from defective fillings and crowns
Symptoms : If the fillings are cracked or leaky, this is just as noticeable as if a crown is no longer correctly positioned. Therefore, if you go for regular checks, a filling can be replaced or replaced in good time. Toothache can also occur immediately after the filling has been inserted. However, this pain is harmless and should be gone a few days later.
Treatment : If problems arise with fillings or crowns, these are simply replaced by the dentist. Such problems often affect children too, if they have a filling in the milk tooth. Fillings should be checked at regular intervals and replaced if necessary.
Pain due to inflammation of the gums
Where does gingivitis come from? Gum inflammation is often associated with exposed tooth necks. This is caused by an infection, which is usually triggered by bacteria that attach to the neck of the tooth and thus irritate the gums. Tartar can also be responsible for such inflammation. If you take bleeding gums lightly, you risk losing healthy teeth sooner or later. It is not uncommon for gingivitis to lead to periodontitis , a disease of the entire periodontium that can lead to tooth loss.
Symptoms: The inflammation is shown by slight to severe swelling of the gums. In addition, the gums bleed even with light brushing. If you make such observations, have them checked immediately.
Treatment : If the cause of a toothache is inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) , quick action is required. In order to be able to successfully treat gingivitis and get rid of the toothache, professional teeth cleaning and an improvement in home oral hygiene are usually recommended. With a professional teeth cleaning, deep-seated plaque is removed, which can no longer be removed by simply brushing your teeth.
Discomfort from a tooth fracture
Where does a tooth fracture come from? The causes in this case can be a serious fall or a blow in the face, in which the affected tooth was injured. A tooth that has broken out half or completely must of course be treated quickly and treated accordingly.
Treatment: Which therapy is used depends of course on the fracture. If only the upper area of the tooth is affected, it is reconstructed with the help of fillings. If the fracture is deeper, other measures must be taken. Such as a root canal treatment and subsequent post placement and post crown.
Painful misalignments of the teeth
How do misalignments arise? Adults suffer from misalignment of the teeth, for example when the wisdom teeth erupt and shift the teeth that were previously in a good position. This also leads to quite unpleasant toothache.
Treatment: A classic dentist cannot do much at this point. Now an orthodontist is required. This specializes in correcting crooked teeth and thus eliminating possible toothache.
Other toothache and causes
Many are not even aware that a toothache can be caused by a headache or a toothache by an earache. In this case, however, it is not always clear to a patient where the toothache originated.
There is a connection between the tooth roots in the upper jaw and the maxillary sinuses. For some people, a sinus infection can also be the cause of toothache. Because the direct connection to the maxillary sinuses can lead to a feeling of pain also in the upper teeth due to an inflammation there.
Heart attack and shingles
A heart attack manifests itself with different symptoms. There are proven cases in which the acute pain can radiate from the heart up to the lower jaw. Shingles is based on a viral infection with the so-called herpes zoster viruses. However, the virus rarely occurs on the face and thus affects the jaw as well. Toothache caused by shingles must of course be included in the treatment.
Tooth pain and headache
Toothache and headache sometimes occur together. Especially when there are problems with the jaw, these particular toothaches can be the cause of headaches. Sensitive patients often complain of a joint occurrence of toothache and headache.
Toothache and earache
There are various causes that can lead to toothache and earache. A severe cold and thus inflammation of the sinuses and ears is often responsible for sudden toothache. Then the pain radiates from the maxillary sinuses to the teeth. Toothache and earache also occur together when people grind their teeth under stress or during the night. The cramping of the jaw muscles eventually leads to earache as well.
Tension, stress and depression sometimes also lead to pain in the mouth. The dentist is often powerless to deal with these causes. If stress is on the teeth of sensitive people, a visit to a psychiatrist is a better choice. A dentist can only treat grinding of teeth. A so-called bite guard prevents the nocturnal teeth grinding and thus the abrasion of healthy tooth enamel.
The best 6 home remedies for toothache Or tooth pain
In principle, it is recommended to stop nicotine and alcohol consumption in case of acute toothache. In addition, hard foods (e.g. chocolate or carrots) should be avoided, as they can exacerbate the discomfort.
1. Ice bags for cooling
In case of injuries or bruises, affected areas are often cooled with an ice bag or a cold compress.
Alternatively, if you don’t have ice, you can fill a glass with ice-cold water and press it slightly to the aching spot. The cold narrows the blood vessels and slows down inflammatory processes. In addition, the cooling provides a kind of anaesthetic. Heat, on the other hand, should be avoided, as this usually increases the pain.
2. Crushed onion works against bacteria
An onion not only helps with ear pain and inflammation, but also with toothache.
To do this, place a crushed onion in a towel or handkerchief and hold it from the outside to the affected area. The antibacterial effect of the onion helps to relieve inflammation and pain. Alternatively, you can use a clove of garlic and exercise slight chewing movements several times in the oral cavity.
3. Vegetable tea as mouthwash
Teas such as sage, peppermint or chamomile tea have an anti-inflammatory effect and can be used as mouthwash.
4. Salt solutions against infections
Toothache can be reduced by a homemade saline solution.
For this purpose, salt is dissolved in a glass with warm water. This solution is not drunk, but left in the mouth for a maximum of 2 minutes and then rinsed out. The salt has a healing effect as it pulls bacteria from the infected area and dissolves unpleasant tensions in the soft tissue.
5. Essential oils
Carnation oil and tea tree oil have a disinfecting and antiseptic effect and help with bacterial inflammation in the oral cavity.
To do this, simply pat a few drops of the oil on the aching tooth. Alternatively, chew for several minutes at the affected tooth area on a clove. After several minutes, the oil of the clove is released and fully unfolds its effect. You can also gurgle with diluted tea tree oil.
6. Fresh wiring leaves
Wirsing kohlkohl contains certain enzymes that have a decongestant effect on gum inflammation.
For this purpose, it is best to use fresh we-singing leaves and place them in a damp linen cloth. Keep it on the aching cheek. After half an hour, the analgesic effect begins.
Conclusion: Home remedies do not replace dentists
In case of severe toothache, these tips can be a good first aid measure, but they only help temporarily. Therefore, you should make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible in order to have the affected tooth or gum treated professionally.
Tip: Toothache may be a first sign of greater need for treatment. In order to protect yourself from high dental costs, it is recommended to take out supplementary dental insurance.
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