Do you know that about 15% of the world’s population lives in the mountains? We cannot ignore the fact that mountains are important not only to the residents, but also to the millions of people living in the Terai or Low Lands. They are the source of major rivers of the world and also play an important role in the water cycle. After all, when and why is International Mountains Day celebrated? Let us study through this article.
International Mountain Day (IMD) is celebrated every year on 11 December to raise awareness about the importance of mountains, focus on opportunities and emphasize the development of mountains.
This day educates people to understand the role of mountains in the environment and its impact on life. International Mountain Day is celebrated every year with a special theme.
What is the theme of International Mountains Day ( IMD) 2019 ?
The theme of International Mountains Day 2019 is “Mountains matter for Youth”. This theme focuses on the youth so that they can come forward as active agents of change and as the future leadership of tomorrow. It is necessary to educate children and people about the mountains because mountains provide fresh water, clean energy, food, etc.
Let us know about the history of International Mountains Day ( IMD) .
International Mountains Day was formed in 1992 when “Managing Fragile Ecosystems: Sustainable Mountain Development” of Chapter 13 of Agenda 21 was adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. There is no doubt, it gave a new look to the history of development of mountains. Seeing the increasing attention towards the importance of the mountain, the United Nations General Assembly declared 2002 the United Nations International Mountains Year and designated December 11 as 2003 as International Mountains Day. Therefore we can say that for the first time International Mountain Day was celebrated on 11 December 2003. Every year it is celebrated with a special theme.
How is International Mountain Day ( IMD) celebrated ?
It is celebrated in various ways. One of these is that Centro de Investigacao de Montanha (CIMO) and partners will celebrate International Mountain Day from 13 to 14 December as “Mountain, Sport and Sustainable Development Days”. On the first day there will be a conference in which speakers, athletes, politicians, sports associations and researchers will participate and will highlight the importance of mountains. For the first time on this day, the Baslay Farmer’s Association (BFA) and its local partners will join the celebration on December 11, which will set up hiking and a native tree nursery. A forum on the importance of mountains and mountains Will also be held.
According to the FAO, in the coming months, a communication tool box for this day will also be made available on the IMD website in six languages.
On this day, specific groups are targeted and organized in various forums, activities, presentations, student debates, photographs, art competitions, and programs. You can also join the conversation on social media using the #MountainsMatter hashtag. You can also write your plan for information on International Mountains Day at [email protected] so that it can be published on the International Mountains Day website. You can also share your experiences on mountain life, your favorite mountain photos, moments, etc. with your friends and relatives.
Let us now know about the importance of mountains.
Mountains are one of the most beautiful structures of nature, majestic, solid which stand against the sky and make it feel as if they can capture the whole country with its shadow. They are sources of entertainment, resources and agriculture. The slopes of the mountains provide sufficient space for production.
Mountains play an important role in water cycle,
– The frozen snow in the mountains melts in the spring and summer seasons and provides essential water for settlements, agriculture and industries.
In fact, in semi-arid and arid regions, about 90% of the river comes from the mountains.
– In Temperate Europe, the Alps, which occupy about 11% of the area of the Rhine River Basin, supply 31% of the annual flow and more than 50% in summer.
– Water coming from the mountains is also a source of hydroelectric power.
In developing countries, wood fuel is a major source of energy in mountain settlements.
– Mountain wood is also used in many ways.
– Mountain ecosystems play an important role in biological diversity etc.
Therefore, International Mountain Day is celebrated every year on 11 December to raise awareness so that the importance of mountains can be focused not only for our lives but also for the residents, ecosystem and environment.
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