MALE PATTERN BALDNESS: Androgenetic alopecia, or male pattern baldness (PCM), is the most common cause of hair loss among men. Contrary to alopecia in women, male pattern baldness (often and incorrectly spelled “baldness”) is standardized and predictable: it usually starts with a receding hairline at the temples, the so-called “entrances”, which then spreads to the crown of the head, giving rise to a bald spot that gradually increases.
It is caused by a genetic sensitivity of hair follicles to a type of hormone called Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), resulting from the action of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase on testosterone, which causes the follicles to shrink. This reduces their lifespan, and prevents them from replacing their hair normally.
This condition is generally hereditary, however it may be due to specific hormonal causes, which lead to the retraction of hair follicles. It can also be aggravated by other factors, such as stress or illness, in which case it is possible to delay or reverse the fall.
It is more common from the age of 25, but it also occurs in younger men. The thickness, length and quality of the hair gradually change, making new hair grow thinner, shorter and weaker, and consequently less visible. Over time, you will have fleece hair (similar to that of babies), instead of the terminal hair you had..
In addition to heredity, there are many factors that can accelerate the loss process, so it is essential to adopt some habits to prevent hair loss, or at least mitigate it. Hair, like any part of our body, also reflects our lifestyle.
DEALING WITH BALDNESS : MALE PATTERN BALDNESS
When faced with the lack of hair, which they see getting worse from day to day, many men bet on products that promise quick results, usually through a simple topical application (ampoules). Others resort to mezinhas and home remedies, which are not always advisable, and may even make the situation worse.
The ideal, as in any aesthetic or health issue, is to consult a specialist, in this case a trichologist. This can assess the problem, and propose a personalized hair treatment based on the type of hair, type of fall, individual characteristics, and aesthetic issues.
When the hair loss is already too long, or for some reason it is not possible to resort to another treatment, the current methods of hair integration are an alternative sought by men (and women) due to its advantages: it is an easier, cheaper, faster solution and painless, which does not require surgery, anesthesia, long periods of recovery, or health risks.
Hair loss is not identical in men and women, and must be analyzed on a case-by-case basis, as well as the treatments to be applied, which vary from person to person.
HAMILTON / NORWOOD SCALE
The Hamilton / Norwood Scale is used to classify male pattern baldness. This reference scale identifies several states of hair loss, ranging from mild shortness in front to the most extensive baldness from the crown of the head.
It was created by Dr. James Hamilton in the 1950s, then reviewed and updated by Dr. O´Tar Norwood in the 1970s.
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