Asthma cause symptoms prevention: Asthma causes repeated periods of wheezing (which are like wheezing), chest tightness, trouble breathing and cough. Often the cough occurs at night or in the early hours of the morning. Most people affected by asthma who have the right treatment can live a normal life, but if they leave the treatment, asthma can cause permanent damage to the airways. Very rarely, a severe asthma attack can be fatal.
Asthma is a common disease that affects about four million people in Spain of which 500,000 are children. It usually begins in childhood in 80% of cases, but it can debut for the first time at any age. If you have asthma, your airways will become irritated and inflamed. As a result:
- They narrow.
- They produce more mucus.
This makes the flow of air in your lungs more difficult.
Can asthma be cured?
The Asthma has no cure , but with proper treatment the symptoms can improve and even disappear over time. That is why it is essential to have a correct and constant medical monitoring, most people with asthma can lead an absolutely normal life.
Can asthma kill?
Yes, asthma can kill in extreme and very rare cases. When the crisis is very intense and the correct treatment is not done, asthma can lead to death. If the person has some other clinical complication (health problem), the body may be further weakened. When the first symptoms appear, see a doctor immediately.
Asthma Symptoms – (Asthma cause symptoms prevention)
Asthma symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe and include:
- Difficulty breathing.
- Feeling of tightness in the chest.
The main complications are:
- Reduced ability to exercise or do other activities.
- Permanent changes in the functioning of the lungs.
- Persistent cough.
- Difficulty breathing, to the point that you need help (ventilation).
- Hospitalization and hospitalization for severe asthma attacks.
- Side effects of medications used to control asthma
These symptoms tend to be variable and can stop and start over. They can often get worse at night.
The causes of asthma
The cause of asthma is not always clear. However, there are often factors that can trigger the symptomatology. The most common reactions include:
- Respiratory infection – such as a cold or the flu.
- Irritations caused by dust, cigarettes and various fumes or vapors.
- Chemical Oroducts (and other substances) found in jobs – is the so-called professional asthma.
- Pollen allergies, medicines, animals, house dust mites or certain food products, especially preservatives and dyes.
- Exercise, especially in cold or dry environments.
- Emotions – very loud laughter or shouting can cause symptoms, by stress stress.
- Medicines – certain medicines can cause asthma.
In children, asthma is more common in boys than in girls, but in adults, women are more likely to have asthma. Asthma often occurs in families. If you smoke during pregnancy, your baby will be more likely to have asthma. If you have children and smoke, your children are more likely to have it. Premature or low birth weight babies are also more likely to develop asthma.
Classification of asthma severity
Asthma has different degrees of severity, which can evolve or regress. The milder degree has mild and paused symptoms. It manifests itself up to two days a week and up to two nights a month. It can progress to grade 4, where severe symptoms persist throughout the day, often at night and several times a week.
|Intermittent||Light persistent||Moderate persistent||Serious persistent|
|Symptoms||2x / week or less||More than 2x / week, but not daily.||Daily||Daily or continuous|
|Night awakenings||2x / week or less||3-4x / month||More than 1x / week||Almost daily|
|Need for beta-2 adrenergic agonist for relief||2x / week or less||Less than 2x / week.||Daily||Daily|
|Activity limitation||None||Present in exacerbations||Present in exacerbations||To be continued|
|Exacerbations||Equal 1 / year or none / year||Equal or more than 2 / year||Equal or more than 2 / year||Equal or more than 2 / year|
|FEV1 or PEF||Equal or greater than 80% predicted||Equal or greater than 80% predicted||60% -80% predicted||Equal or less than 60% predicted|
|Variation FEV1 or PEF||Less than 20%||Less than 20% -30%||Greater than 30%||Greater than 30%|
Asthma Diagnosis – Asthma cause symptoms prevention
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and explore you. You will probably also be asked about your medical history. and ask questions about some factors that may have caused your symptoms. Your doctor may do one or more of the following tests to confirm the diagnosis.
- The maximum expiratory flow measurement – this test measures the rate at which air is expelled from your lungs.
- Spirometry – this test also measures the speed of air flow as well as how much air flows; This test provides detailed information of the maximum flow and allows to show the functioning of your lungs.
- Chest x-ray – its primary objective is to rule out any other lung disease.
- The allergy skin tests – with which you will find out if you are allergic to certain substances.
In children under five years of age, the diagnosis can only be made by seeing if they respond to asthma treatments.
Asthma Treatment – Asthma cause symptoms prevention
There is no curative treatment of asthma. However, available treatments are useful to help control symptoms. Your therapeutic plan should be individualized, combining medications and controlling your asthma in the best way with prevention and hygiene measures.
Inhalers contain dust or gas that propels the correct dose of the anti-asthmatic medication when you inhale it. The medicine is inhaled into your airways. You will have to use your inhaler correctly to work properly, so ask your trusted doctor for advice. There are two basic types of medicine inhalers used to treat asthma:
You should use painkillers when your asthma symptoms occur. These can be short or slow acting. The short acting painkillers (known as bronchodilators) contain medicines such as salbutamol (example Ventolin) and terbutaline (example Bricanil) that work to widen your airways and quickly relieve your symptoms.
If you are given a preventive, you should use it every day – even if you have no symptoms. Preventives usually contain a steroid medicine, such as beclometasone (example Qvar) or fluticasone (example Flixotide) that work to reduce inflammation of your airways. This can go up to 14 days, for preventive medicines, to work, but once they take effect, you won’t need to use your calming inhaler at all.
A slow-acting painkiller can be added to your treatment if your symptoms are not controlled with a regular steroid (the preventive one) and the occasional use of a short acting painkiller. Slow-acting painkillers contain medicines such as salmeterol (example Severent) or formoterol (example Oxis). Often these medications are combined with steroid inhalers such as symbicort (Seretide Example).
If you use a propelled gas inhaler, you can also use a spacer. Spacers are the devices that can help you use your inhaler correctly and are particularly useful in children – young children of three years, can learn to use an inhaler with a spacer, while for babies and very young children a mask may be more suitable and practice A spacer is a long tube that is held in the inhaler. You suck a nozzle that goes to the end of the tube.
It is easy to use because it allows you to activate the inhaler and then inhale in two separate phases. Using a spacer also reduces the risk of having a sore throat from using a steroid inhaler. When used correctly they can be as effective as nebulizers in the treatment of an acute asthma attack.
Nebulizers make a mist of water and asthma medicine that you aspire. These can help deliver more of the medicine exactly where it is needed. This is particularly important, if you have a severe asthma attack and you require urgent asthma treatment in the hospital or at home. However, if you use a separator with your asthma medicines, it can be as effective as a nebulizer in the treatment of most asthma attacks. If your child has asthma, ask your GP for advice on whether a nebulizer may or may not be convenient.
- Keep the environment clean.
- Avoid accumulation of dirt or dust.
- Soak up the sun. Vitamin D is related to a number of diseases of the immune system, such as asthma.
- Avoid strong smells.
- Get the flu shot.
- Do not smoke.
- Wrap up, especially in the cold season.
- Practice physical activities regularly.
- Eat healthy.
- Drink plenty of fluids (water).
- Keep the ideal weight.
Other medicines – Asthma cause symptoms prevention
If you have symptoms of severe asthma, your GP may prescribe a type of steroid pills such as prednisolone and in many cases you may be referred to the pulmonologist. There are other treatments available for asthma, such as pills and inhalers if standard treatments are not convenient for you. These include montelukast (Singular) or zafirlukast (Accolate).
What to do if you have an asthma attack?
If you have an asthma attack, you should follow these steps:
- Take your bronchodilator treatment immediately, preferably with a spacer.
- Sit down (don’t lie down) and try to relax.
- Wait five to ten minutes – if there is no improvement, repeat an inspiration from your bronchodilator treatment, every minute for five minutes until your symptoms disappear
- If your symptoms do not go away, you should call your GP or an ambulance, but keep taking your bronchodilator, preferably with a spacer, every few minutes, until the requested help arrives.
- If you go to the hospital, take your asthma treatments with you.
Make sure you see your GP, both he or she can review your treatment.
Live with – Asthma cause symptoms prevention
Medicines are only part of your asthma treatment. You will also have to deal with the things that cause you wrong. Keep a diary to record something that causes your asthma – this can help you discover a model. Using a maximum flowmeter to monitor your lung function can also help. If you suddenly have low situations in a certain situation (for example at the end of a work day, after exercise or after contact with an animal) this may indicate irritation. Quitting smoking is good for your health and will improve your asthma symptoms. With good management and proper treatment, most people with asthma lead totally normal lives.
Prevention is the best solution:
Cover cloth on the mouth and nose if there is dust, mud, smoke, pollution. Avoid cigarette smoke as well. Skip fresh paints, insecticides, sprays, incense sticks, mosquito repellent smoke, perfumed perfumes etc. Avoid colored and flavored, essence, preservative mixed foods, cold drinks etc.
Ayurvedic medicines prevalent in asthma:
Herbs effective in asthma:
Vasa- It works to widen contracted respiratory tubes.
Contakari- It works to clean the sticky substances that are frozen in the throat and lungs.
Pushkoramul- A drug full of antibacterial properties with an antihistamine function.
Yashtimadhu- It also works to clean the throat.
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