What is the CAB: Today, in the Modi government, Home Minister Amit Shah introduced the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) in Rajya Sabha and after passing the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) from Lok Sabha / Rajya Sabha, it has become law after the President’s signature. Once the CAB becomes law, Hindu, Sikh, Christian, Parsi, Jain and Buddhism illegally from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh will easily get Indian citizenship.
Prime Minister Modi has asked all the Rajya Sabha MPs of BJP to be present in the House in the Parliamentary Party meeting. The majority figure for passing the Citizenship Amendment Bill in the Rajya Sabha is 121. The BJP is looking beyond this magic number broadly, but a little manipulation can spoil the BJP game.
The proposed amendment of the Central Government in the Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 will clear the way for Hindus from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan as well as Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians to gain Indian citizenship even after illegal documents.
Northeast states are opposing the citizenship amendment bill. The people of the Northeast are calling this bill as playing with the cultural, linguistic and traditional heritage of the states.
1. What does CAB propose?
The Citizenship Amendment bill is being introduced to replace the provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955. According to the Citizenship Bill 1955, no illegal migrant can be granted citizenship of India.
2. Who will come under the purview of CAB?
This amendment to the citizenship bill will mainly benefit illegal migrants from six castes. Hindus from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan, as well as illegal documents for Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christian, will clear the way for Indian citizenship. In fact, non-Muslim refugees will benefit the most from this.
3. Who will be outside its scope?
Major opposition parties of India say that Modi government wants to target Muslims through CAB. The reason for this is that according to the provision of CAB 2019, Muslims coming from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh will not be given citizenship of India.
Many parties, including the Congress, are opposing the Citizenship Amendment bill on this basis. The government’s argument is that due to religious persecution, minorities coming from these countries are being given protection through CAB.
4. What is the logic of Modi government?
The Modi government says that in the year 1947, the partition of Indo-Pak was done on religious grounds. Even after this, people of many religions are living in Pakistan and Bangladesh.
5. What is the background of CAB?
In January 2019, the bill was passed in the old form. The CAB is indeed the NDA’s election promise. In the year 2018, the Home Ministry had notified that officials from some district ..
They will be given citizenship after receiving the verification report from the states and the center. In order to get citizenship of India, instead of 12 years residence, the period will now be seven years.
6. Who is opposing the CAB and why?
Opposition parties are opposing the CAB. He argues that it violates Article 14 of the Constitution of India. Article 14 deals with the right to equality.
Parties like Congress, Trinamool, CPI (M) are opposing CAB. With this, this bill is being strongly opposed in the northeastern states of the country.
7. What are the options now?
The people of the northeastern state believe that after CAB the number of illegal migrants will increase in the area and this will increase the stability of the region.
8. Which states will have the most impact of CAB?
Seven states of the Northeast will be the most affected by the CAB. Many areas of Northeast India, which fall under the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, have been exempted from the Citizenship Amendment Bill. The sixth list includes Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram etc. of Northeast India where there are autonomous district councils as per the constitution which ensures the protection of the rights of local tribals.
Its provision has been made in Article 244 of the Indian Constitution. The Constituent Assembly gave autonomous district councils through it in 1949 and gave the respective powers to the state legislatures.
Apart from this, regional councils have also been mentioned in the sixth list. All these aim to maintain the social, linguistic and cultural identity of the local tribals.
9. Effect of CAB on India’s population?
At present 31,313 people from three neighboring countries are living on long-term visas in India. They will immediately benefit from CAB. It includes more than 25,000 Hindus, 5800 Sikhs, 55 Christians, two Buddhists and two Parsis.
If you like this post please share it to Facebook and like our Facebook page.