Who invented the atomic bomb: Who can forget that day of Monday, July 16, 1945, when the world’s first atomic bomb was tested at 5:30 AM. The desert part of the north of Alamogordo, 200 miles from Los Alamos, USA, was chosen for this test. The bomb was placed on a 100-foot-high metal tower weighing 32 tons on a hill to test the atomic bomb. A thousand spectators were present not far from the hill to witness this trial. This bomb was detonated at the time already determined. Light spread throughout the region with a terrible voice. And thus the world’s first nuclear bomb and destructive nuclear weapon was born.
But have you thought Before the 19th century, the weapon which was just imagination, who invented it by the middle of the 19th century ! Parmanu bomb ka avishkar kisne kiya? So let us tell you that the world’s first nuclear weapon was invented by American-origin scientist Julius Robert Oppenheimer .
While the Atom Bomb was being tested, Robert Oppenheimer himself was sitting in the control room 9 miles from the test site. Despite sitting so far away, he experienced intense heat. The bomb exploded to form a huge cloud of smoke of forty thousand feet in height. The 100 feet high tower has no sign. The soil below also melted and turned into glass. All animals in an area up to a mile died. Even snakes and other animals hidden under the ground died. The impact of that atomic explosion was so intense that it flew up to the hairs of animals located 30 miles away and its brightness was seen from 450 miles away. The whole world was horrified to see the success of this bomb built under the supervision of Oppenheimer.
Why was the Atom Bomb built? And how did it get started?
In fact, on December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi, the explorer of nuclear operations and nuclear furnace, first tested the success of the controlled chain process of nuclear disintegration in the desolate squash court below the University of Chicago Stadium, and with this test the molecule age ( Atomic Age) was started. Now only the atomic bomb was to be tested. In 1945 its opportunity became readily present.
World War II was about to begin in 1939. In 1939, the international situation was getting worse. Hitler’s dictatorship was at its height. His aggressive policies and proclamations had caused panic all over Europe. Most scientists left Germany and fled and took refuge in America. Among these scientists was the famous scientist Albert Einstein. Seeing the terrible war policy of Adolf Hitler, America started suspecting Germany of making nuclear weapons. Ultimately, such an environment was being created in America that the United States could easily demonstrate nuclear power.
As soon as the war started, Japan joined Germany and started bombing America and destroyed many of its important ports. Incidentally, at the same time, Einstein wrote a letter to the then US President Roosevelt about the possibilities of making atomic bombs and the secret of nuclear power. Now the United States felt that the demonstration of atomic power has become necessary to open the eyes of the representatives of the Japanese government.
So in July 1939, two scientists Gillard and Bijner consulted with Einstein and eventually Einstein wrote a letter to US President Franklin D. Roosevelt as follows:
DEAR MR. PRESIDENT! E. FERMI AND L. I HAVE BEEN MADE AWARE OF SOME NEW RESEARCH BY GILLARD. AFTER STUDYING THESE RESEARCH MANUSCRIPTS, I AM CONFIDENT THAT IN THE NEAR FUTURE, SCIENTISTS WILL BE SUCCESSFUL IN USING URANIUM AS A NEW AND IMPORTANT POWER SOURCE. IF ONLY ONE SUCH BOMB WAS THROWN AT A PORT, IT WOULD DESTROY THAT PORT AS WELL AS THE SURROUNDING AREA. ” – Who invented the atomic bomb
The President immediately took steps to stop the suppression of the Nazis. Order the “Manhattan Project” ( Manhattan Project ) called atom bomb project began (as the plan to swim appearances D. S. M. – “Development of Sbsitut Materials’ – was named) and New Mexico at Los Alamos Name was established. Its directors were – Robert Oppenheimer and Enrico Fermi were deputy directors. It was here that on 16 July 1945, Oppenheimer surprised the world by successfully testing the first bomb.
Demolition of atomic bomb leela – Who invented the atomic bomb
Nuclear after the first successful test of the bomb the US precisely 22 days after August 6, 1945 from an airplane on Hiroshima, Little Boy was (dropped the atomic bomb called Little Boy). Immediately, a population of 3 lakh 40 thousand was transformed into a city of death. The houses started burning in smoke, their windows, doors and roofs flew away. Animals, birds and men all fell for it. Such a dark cloud of dust and smoke arose as if it had taken the whole sky. The impact of the blast also impacted houses up to 17 kilometers away. About 90 percent of the city’s houses were damaged.
Just 3 days later, on August 9, 1945 , a similar bomb ( Fat Man ) was dropped on Nagasaki and similar devastation was also seen there. According to the American Strategic Banning Survey, the mass communication facilities and electricity system of both cities were destroyed. All the fire extinguishers were rendered useless. All its employees were killed.
Lakhs of innocent people were put to death in the bombings and, fortunately, there is no one to cure them. 90% of doctors working in Hiroshima’s hospitals also succumbed to death. The survivors were seriously injured. Out of the 200 doctors working there, barely 30 doctors could be saved after a month of treatment. Of the 1730 working nurses, 1654 nurses also fell asleep in the lap of death. Only the structures of most of the 45 civil hospitals survived. There were only 3 hospitals which could be useful. In this entire destruction Leela suffered about one lakh famines and was hit by almost as many deadly radiations and carrying her own dead body for years.
Which countries have Nuclear Weapons today?
As of this year (2018), 9 countries in the world have declared atomic bombs. According to an assessment by the International Atomic Energy Agency, at least 30 nations of the world are capable of nuclear power.
|S. No.||Country||Number of weapons||First trial date|
|1.||America||6,600||16 July 1945|
|2.||Russia||6,800||29 August 1949|
|3.||Britain||215||3 October 1952|
|4.||France||300||13 February 1960|
|5.||China||270||October 16, 1964|
|6.||Pakistan||130||May 28, 1998|
|7.||North Korea||15||October 9, 2006|
|9.||India||120||18 May, 1974|
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